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Lecture

Class Notes Thursday Sept.12.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 3690
Professor
Marta Rohatynskyj

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Class Notes Thursday Sept. 12 2013 Early Evolutionists The rise of proletariats -the ever increasing uniformity of work and concentration of workers results in growing solidarity among the proletariats -in this way the efforts of the bourgeoisie to rationalize production further sets the ground for its own destruction -unions are formed but eventually it becomes a class structure -elements of the bourgeoisie join the proletariats and national distinctions are dissolved -we can work together for our common interests -“what the bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all, are its own gravediggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable” (29) -not a simple direct relationship between cause and effect -predicting the fall of the bourgeoisie (not happened today yet) General comments -logic based on the Hegelian thesis-antithesis (evoke contradiction)-synthesis -it is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness -two opposing explanations of why we have a certain cultural or social configuration -arguing it doesn’t come from ideas or human consciousness, religion, etc. it comes form the material conditions of their lives -marx and engles as materialists -nostalgia for a more meaningful relationship between the worker and the product of his labor -muti-linear notions of evolution – Asiatic mode of production, feudal mode of production -suggestions of different lines of evolution -a sense that not all ppl fall into one “stream” of evolution -this article idealized the past, not the present -this article is an excellent start to the course as it provides an explanation for The great transformation, Karl Polanyi (1944) Ethnical Periods (1887) Morgan The periods -Savagery – the start of humanity to the invention of pottery -the development of language, discovery of fire and the bow and arrow -savage has a bad connotation -Barbarism – starts with the invention of pottery and ends with the invention of the alphabet and writting -includes the domestication of animals and the manufacture of iron -Civilization – that’s us! Starts with the phonetic alphabet and writing and all else follows The Logic that morgan uses: -he follows two lines of investigation 1. material line: in which he looks at inventions and discoveries (material) -e.g. fire, etc. 2. primary institutions: a moral issue, morality tied to the institutions (moral) -we can see a moral struggle going on as human beings “win their way to civilization” -they overcome their savagery and barbarism -there is a sense that an opposition is found within human beings themselves between nature and the moral sense -the “germ” of an institution planted in savagery and growing through the stages of barbarism and finally being developed full in civilization -two of these are –kinship and private property Progression in social organization -progression from the organization of society on the basis of sex, then on the basis of kin, then on the basis of territory -first society found on purely personal relations (societas) then on relations based on territory and property (civitas) -kinship organizations follows this pattern as well – undifferentiated relations to patriarchal system -this sequence is true of all peoples of the world -whenever a connection can be traced from a common germ we can assume derivation from a common stock -we can trace it back to a common origin if there are similarities -is there a link between civilization and past (aztecs etc.) Kinship terminology -the most primitive system is the Hawaiian system (Malayan) -the two keys axes are generation and sex -so that all women of the same generation will be called by the same term as will all men of the
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