Historians of western civilization would argue that humanism came into consciousness so that men became the measure of the universe. Humanity was no longer seen as the measure of man. The uniqueness of theory in the social sciences. We must recognize that the notion of progress is readily measured in the physical and natural sciences i. e. life expectancy, amount of energy harnessed. Efficient redistribution of natural resources with a given. Information is just facts, anyone can give you this, it may be false, may be true, etc . As students we must evaluate this information critically. Information is a description of some observable phenomena or unobservable phenomena anything i say about anything is information. Knowledge require a change of behavior, a change of perspective. Gaining of knowledge results in a transformation of the individuals extant framework a change in behavior. M. strathern a shift in the level of abstraction about a given fact .