ANTH 3690 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Sui Generis, Auguste Comte, Mechanical And Organic Solidarity

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Worker in tradition of rene descartes and auguste comte. From descartes = interest in a priori mental logic, or logic independent of experienc. From comte = interest in society (conceptualized as a realm onto itself, sui generis) More interested in social statics than social dynamics. Interested in how societies were integrated so that they managed to cohere, maintai themselves, and function harmoniously. "according to emile durkheim, social cohesion maintained by similarities among ind contrasted with organic solidarity. Organic solidarity: people are interdependent and have different economic o in society. Start at mechanic and evolve to organic solidarity. Social evolution is driven by the need to achieve this social solidarity. Any way of acting whether or not capable of exerting over the individual an external constraint, general over the whole of a society while having an existence of its own independent of individual manifestations. Social institutions, currency, language, political organization, laws, belief, things we consider in people"s everyday interactions.

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