Class Notes (807,239)
Canada (492,664)
Anthropology (722)
ANTH 4700 (1)
E.Finnis (1)


10 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
ANTH 4700

ANTH 4700- Contemporary Theory 1/9/2013 12:37:00 PM January 9, 2013 Four fields-  American tradition—not prevalent in Britain  A North American approach o Sociocultural anthropology— o Linguistic anthropology dying out o Physical and biological anthropology still present o Archeology  Canadians largely 3 or 4 fields or joint anthro and sociology  Boas o Did a lot for north American anthropological tradition o To understand human condition (his past) we need a holistic approach that considers archaeology of material remains, biology of individuals (also species), cultural practices, and language o Can’t understand who we are without knowing our history, our biology, culture and language o Renaissance man—did all the different fields Greenberd and Ruben (linguists)  Comparison and grouping of 100s of indigenous languages in North and South America  Postulate three waves of New World migration based on linguistic similarities o Amerind family of lanuages (first wave) o Na-Dene family of languages (second wave) o Inuit-Aleut family (approx 4000 years ago)—third wave  Relates to huge movement of our species—how, when and why did we move? Boas  Key in development of North American anthropology o Fight against biological determinism o Didn’t look for universal laws of culture/behaviour o Key in arguing against discrimination (early 1900s) o Made key contributions in archaeology, physical anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology—well- rounded o Interested in cultural differences—culturals in own context and perspective o Move away from deterministic thinking Some critiques of Boas  Some felt he was too focused on details, not enough theory o He was concerned with salvage anthropology—trying to as quickly as possibly trying to record what these cultures were doing  Other argue that Boasian influence was so strong it was hard for non-Boaian perspectives to be taken seriously in US o Especially evolutionary perspective—some people argued this was pushed aside o Boas was anti-social evolution--- didn’t talk about biological evolution over time  Positions people take when writing—shaped by own academic bias Advantages of a four field approach  Discipline has become more complex—able to look at things in more depth  Holistic perspective—work with colleuges with different strengths  Helps to avoid reductionist approach—want to avoid reductionism when trying to understand what it means to be human  Want to see depth and complexity—how we cross different elements (cultural and biological stuff) Ontological questions-  What it means to be human Epistemological questions—knowledge and knowing Theoretical questions Historical—who we are and how we came to be who we are The relationship between theory and practice The place of international anthropology and voices that have historically been limited in anthropological academia Back to New World Migration  Greenberg and Ruben=== at least three waves, based on linguistic evidence  Archaeologists- waves of migration studied via material remains  Shoveling—ancestery from different parts of asia  Turner—proportion of shoveling shaped incisors among different remains (populations) o Found: varying proportions of shoveling that suggest three separate waves of migration Canadian approaches to Anthropology  What defines Canadian Anthropology? Can we define Canadian anthropology? Who are Canadian anthropologists?  Waldram’s article?  Explores question in Canadian anthropology?—are different from American anthropologists Where do you think Canadian anthropology should go in the future? 1/9/2013 12:37:00 PM January 16, 2013 Ethics in Practice  The relationshi(s) between ethical practice and theory  Theory and practice—not separate issues  How we think about would shapes how we engage with it  i.e. social Darwinism supporting thoughts for colonialism  Stokowski—Traditional anthropology to transform the West (pg 349)  The theory and practice divide doesn’t really work—important to think about how the two go hand in hand Nancy Scheper-Hughes  No stranger to controversy (note commentaries in the article) o Current anthropology approach to publishing—what is it?  More militant or activist subjects—deals with subjects that are very emotionally engaging  Current anthropology approach to publishing—a journal trying to get dialog Broad Question Reisman’s response to Scheper-Hughes: When we act in critical situations, we leave anthropology behind  Scheper-Hughes: “Why is it assumed that when anthropologists enter the struggle we must inevitably bow out of anthropology” (1995: 416)  Are the values of ethnography inherently (always) different from values of political engagement? Human Terrain Teams  Questions about social sciences and the military—not new  HTT—hug
More Less

Related notes for ANTH 4700

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.