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Lecture 4

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Art History
ARTH 2150
Andrew Sherwood

ARTH 2150 Lecture 4 9/13/2013 7:24:00 AM Troy/Ilion – modern day Hissarlik on a tel *Schliemann – German who started excavations to prove Troy (puts modern archeology on the map, brings myth ideas to life) Dardanelles – on the straight of the modern day Dardanelle (old Hellespont) Lerna – bronze age sight Syros-Naxos – Cyclades bronze age culture Apsidal – houses and structures Anatolia – highlands of Turkey (central and eastern), so much influence and contact on the less advanced Greeks Minoan – Crete civilization, survives the bronze age collapse Knossos – most important site on Crete Evans – follows after Schliemann and excavates the most important Minoan site of Knossos Mallia - Phaistos - Kata Zakro - Thera/Tiry – Cretan Island Kommos - Apse – Minyan Ware – EM – (3,000-2,000) Vasiliki - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ - Troy is a great place for trade and civilization on the Black Sea - the wealth of Troy is most likely based on taxes - the location of Troy is located on a natural plateau and over the course of it’s lifetime (3,000 years) it is destroyed 9 major times - each time, because of its strategic location, it is rebuilt - they rebuilt on top of the destruction before, building up of an artificial hill (tel) looking down into the plain - Schliemann isn’t interested in Troy 9 (byzantine Troy), wants to find the Homeric Troy (1187 BC) - digs with his teach until he reaches what he wants, doesn’t carefully move through Troy’s 8-2 - gets down to level 2, seems to fit the description of Troy in the Iliad - he finds a massive fortification with large megarons that were probably temples, what he found was actually dated to 2200 BC * * * in modern day technology - we now think he found either Troy 6 or Troy 7 - Schliemann shows our perceptions of the Greek world and makes his archeology fit his assumptions - Schliemann found axe-heads that were decorative, and what he thought was the Treasure of Priam - Schliemann finds a horde of gold, this was remarkable, most valuable collection of monetary findings he publishes the news and gets world attention, during the 2 ndworld war the Russians took everything from Germany to Russia lots of this was dated a long time after Troy II, people suspect that Schliemann planted this gold to rediscover it and validate his excavation there are gold artifacts however that date to Troy II sauce-boat – golden, 2 handles, oblong shap
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