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Lecture 8

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Art History
ARTH 2150
Andrew Sherwood

ARTH 2150 Lecture 8 9/25/2013 7:26:00 AM Zeus Arkhanes – shrine, north of Knossos Anemospilla - shrine Mycenaean – mainland culture period, Helladic, named after the principle sight Agamemnon ruled Santorini/Thira – event that ended Minoan culture Orchomenos – principle site Gla – important site Thebes – principle site, Oedipus story from here Athens – important site Mycenae – Agamemnon ruled, Greek exhibition to Troy Tiryns – big Citadel close to Mycenae Pylos – palace of Nestor Pausanias – wrote an ancient guide book for Greece, what was there and what remains in his time Stele – first major find of Schliemann at Grave Circle A, like a tombstone Anatolia – GC A finds seem to be connections with Anatolia Hittite – this means connection with the militaristic Hittites Niello - **special technique that is not a natively created technique (from Crete or via Crete from Egypt/Middle East), communication with other cultures Pyxis – small box with a lid Vapheio Cups ** _ _ _ _ __ _ _ ___ _ __ __ _ Finishing Minoan: - for a long time the snake goddesses were regarded as a key to a solution on who ran things b/c there were no male statuettes - more evidence has been brought forward that there was a male presence however - in 1980’s there was an ivory covered in gold statuette found at Knossos, male, large amount of detail (fingernails and tendons) - this is made of the most expensive materials, who is the important male connected with Crete – one of the earliest depictions of Zeus? - Gazelle/Antelope relief – fawns and mother, nurturing and natural - appreciation of nature, not all about humans and domination - large scale sculpture is missing from Crete, most are statuettes - possible inhibition of representing large scale images of deities - butchering marks found on bones at a grave– this means human sacrifice, butcher the body for easier eating (cannibalism) - in the late 1890’s at Anemospilla they excavated the shrine and found that there were 3 bodies (1 on table and 2 on floor), why are they sacrificing? - desperation, something really bad must be happening and they feel they need to appease the gods? (earthquake) - Tylisoss Worshipper – looks like a salute, what does it indicate? Reverence towards a king or a god - dedications of servants found in shrines - as the heavier things from a volcanic eru
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