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January 20th, 2014 - 2.docx

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University of Guelph
Art History
ARTH 2550
Sally Hickson

January 20 , 2014 - Baptistery is significant to Brunelleschi’s architectural work and it is also where he drew inspiration for one-point perspective (painted the building on a wooden board, cut a hole in the center and had people look through it to the actual building, and then moved a mirror in front of their view to prove that the painting was realistic systematically) - Alberti wrote a book on how to use one point perspective - In the baptistery, the eye is pulled toward the altar through use of convergence of orthogonal lines to a vanishing point - Coffer ceilings (Roman style) - Triumphal arch Filippo Brunelleschi, Old Sacristy, 1418-1428, San Lorenzo, Florence (3 .17, 3.18) - Pendentive: architecture structure that allows a circular dome to be placed over a square room through use of semicircular segments which form triangular segments in the corners - Byzantine style o Pendentives were used to create harmony and symmetry - 12 ribs used to hold it up representing the 12 apostils - Pilasters: applied square columns; stuck out slightly from the wall - Triumphal arch - Triangular pediments over the windows - Reminiscent of antiquity Brunelleschi, Santa Maria degliAngeli, Florence, begun 1434 (3.22, 3.23) - Died before he could finish construction - Circular, centralized plan - Circle was thought to be the perfect geometric shape - 8 radiating chapels that you can walk from one to another through the ambulatory - 16 sides o Problem: where to place the altar; no vocal point like in the basilica - Brunelleschi had a missense of what antiquity was; focused on the baptistery as a reference - Renaissance was a time in which artists looked to writings of artists, architects, etc. that lived during antiquity to define what it really was/ recognizing what the past was really like through literature of the time Masaccio: New Perspectives on FlorentineArt - Giorgio Vasari renovated churches/painted over other commissions at the time - Masaccio died 1428- painted for a very short time Gentile da Fabriano,Adoration of the Magi (Strozzi altarpiece), dated May 1423, panel, Florence, Uffizi (4.2) - Power struggle between Strozzi and Medici family in the 15 centuryth - Iconography: 3 kings that came to visit - Had members of their own family put in the paintings - Medici would later have themselves depicted as significant religious figures in their commissions - Perfusion of gold leaf, ultramarine and expensive red pigment; gear on the horses is gilded/built-up and
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