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Lecture 4

ARTH 2150 Lecture 4.docx

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Department
Art History
Course Code
ARTH 2150
Professor
Andrew Sherwood

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ARTH 2150 Lecture 4 9/13/2013 7:24:00 AM
Troy/Ilion modern day Hissarlik on a tel
*Schliemann German who started excavations to prove Troy (puts modern
archeology on the map, brings myth ideas to life)
Dardanelles on the straight of the modern day Dardanelle (old Hellespont)
Lerna bronze age sight
Syros-Naxos Cyclades bronze age culture
Apsidal houses and structures
Anatolia highlands of Turkey (central and eastern), so much influence and
contact on the less advanced Greeks
Minoan Crete civilization, survives the bronze age collapse
Knossos most important site on Crete
Evans follows after Schliemann and excavates the most important Minoan
site of Knossos
Mallia -
Phaistos -
Kata Zakro -
Thera/Tiry Cretan Island
Kommos -
Apse
Minyan Ware
EM (3,000-2,000)
Vasiliki -
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _
- Troy is a great place for trade and civilization on the Black Sea
- the wealth of Troy is most likely based on taxes
- the location of Troy is located on a natural plateau and over the course
of it’s lifetime (3,000 years) it is destroyed 9 major times
- each time, because of its strategic location, it is rebuilt
- they rebuilt on top of the destruction before, building up of an artificial
hill (tel) looking down into the plain
- Schliemann isn’t interested in Troy 9 (byzantine Troy), wants to find
the Homeric Troy (1187 BC)
- digs with his teach until he reaches what he wants, doesn’t carefully
move through Troy’s 8-2
- gets down to level 2, seems to fit the description of Troy in the Iliad
- he finds a massive fortification with large megarons that were probably
temples, what he found was actually dated to 2200 BC * * * in modern
day technology
- we now think he found either Troy 6 or Troy 7
- Schliemann shows our perceptions of the Greek world and makes his
archeology fit his assumptions
- Schliemann found axe-heads that were decorative, and what he
thought was the Treasure of Priam
- Schliemann finds a horde of gold, this was remarkable, most valuable
collection of monetary findings
he publishes the news and gets world attention, during the 2nd world war
the Russians took everything from Germany to Russia
lots of this was dated a long time after Troy II, people suspect that
Schliemann planted this gold to rediscover it and validate his excavation
there are gold artifacts however that date to Troy II
sauce-boat golden, 2 handles, oblong shape with a spout
that’s the reason for the large walls of Troy II, it has to protect it’s wealth
(almost invulnerable)
Lerna site plan:
Large fortification wall partially excavated, at the center is the largest
single structure on the mainland at this point (House of the Tiles)
Significant because our first evidence of ceramic tiles used on a roof,
suggests permanence and changing architecture for strong foundations
Apsidal structures on the outside of the walls
The circle is a circle of fieldstones that goes through and centered on the
House of the Tiles
The thickness of the walls is important, mud-brick construction
(disadvantage is with rain it will get wet and mush)
The walls thickness imply a second flood, needs weight and protection
(evidence of first multi-story building)
Site is important because innovation was being created

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Description
ARTH 2150 Lecture 4 9/13/2013 7:24:00 AM Troy/Ilion – modern day Hissarlik on a tel *Schliemann – German who started excavations to prove Troy (puts modern archeology on the map, brings myth ideas to life) Dardanelles – on the straight of the modern day Dardanelle (old Hellespont) Lerna – bronze age sight Syros-Naxos – Cyclades bronze age culture Apsidal – houses and structures Anatolia – highlands of Turkey (central and eastern), so much influence and contact on the less advanced Greeks Minoan – Crete civilization, survives the bronze age collapse Knossos – most important site on Crete Evans – follows after Schliemann and excavates the most important Minoan site of Knossos Mallia - Phaistos - Kata Zakro - Thera/Tiry – Cretan Island Kommos - Apse – Minyan Ware – EM – (3,000-2,000) Vasiliki - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ - Troy is a great place for trade and civilization on the Black Sea - the wealth of Troy is most likely based on taxes - the location of Troy is located on a natural plateau and over the course of it’s lifetime (3,000 years) it is destroyed 9 major times - each time, because of its strategic location, it is rebuilt - they rebuilt on top of the destruction before, building up of an artificial hill (tel) looking down into the plain - Schliemann isn’t interested in Troy 9 (byzantine Troy), wants to find the Homeric Troy (1187 BC) - digs with his teach until he reaches what he wants, doesn’t carefully move through Troy’s 8-2 - gets down to level 2, seems to fit the description of Troy in the Iliad - he finds a massive fortification with large megarons that were probably temples, what he found was actually dated to 2200 BC * * * in modern day technology - we now think he found either Troy 6 or Troy 7 - Schliemann shows our perceptions of the Greek world and makes his archeology fit his assumptions - Schliemann found axe-heads that were decorative, and what he thought was the Treasure of Priam - Schliemann finds a horde of gold, this was remarkable, most valuable collection of monetary findings he publishes the news and gets world attention, during the 2 ndworld war the Russians took everything from Germany to Russia lots of this was dated a long time after Troy II, people suspect that Schliemann planted this gold to rediscover it and validate his excavation there are gold artifacts however that date to Troy II sauce-boat – golden, 2 handles, oblong shap
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