Type 2 Diabetes

30 views2 pages
20 Apr 2012
Department
Course
Type 2 Diabetes
Anatomy
Primarily affects pancreas
Islets of Langerhans
Beta-cells
Physiology
Pancreas produces insulin
Signals cell glucose intake
Insulin release partially regulated by incretin effect
Pathology
Insulin production reduced
Cells within body become insulin resistant
Incretin effect reduced
Individual Impacts
Lifestyle changes
More likely to develop depression
Reduces quality of life
Familial
Alters lifestyles to provide support
Increased perceived risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes
Global diabetic population expected to rise
Complications affects family and society
Society
High costs affect health care funding on new therapies and public health awareness
Amputations from poor circulation
Risk factors
Age
Genetics
Ethnicity
Lack of physical activity
Obesity
Pre-diabetes
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