BIOL 3010 Lecture Notes - De Jure, Interracial Marriage, Ascribed Status

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29 Jan 2013
Race a category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society deem
socially significant.
Ethnicity refers to the characteristics of a group based on shared cultural identity and derived from a
common language, nationality, religion, or ancestry.
Minority Group a group that is singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as
objects of collective discrimination.
Dominant Group the group with the most power, the greatest privileges, and the highest social
Shared Characteristics of Minority Groups
• Membership in a minority group is an ascribed status
• Physical or cultural traits that distinguish minorities are held in low esteem by the dominant group
• Minorities are unequally treated by the dominant group
• Minorities tend to marry within their own group
• Minorities possess a strong sense of solidarity
Prejudice and Discrimination
Prejudice an attitude, or prejudgment, applied to an entire category of people, such as the poor,
women, and racial minorities. Prejudices can be positive or negative, but are usually negative.
Discrimination an act of unfair or unequal treatment directed against an individual or a group.
1) Individual Discrimination negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of perceived
2) Institutional/Systemic Discrimination negative treatment of a minority group that is built into
society’s institutions.
Stereotypes prejudicial, exaggerated descriptions of some category of people.
Patterns of Racial-Ethnic Group Relations
Dominant Group Actions: Forms of Acceptance
Amalgamation is the process by which subcultures of various groups are blended together, forming a
new culture; this is the highest level of minority group integration (e.g., Interracial marriage is common
in Brazil)
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