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Lecture 5

BOT 1200 Lecture 5: Lecture 5

4 Pages
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Department
Botany
Course Code
BOT 1200
Professor
Gale Bozzo

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Lecture 5: History of Herbal Medicine and Ethno botany Plants and Medicine  Production of food supplements including vitamins  Today, 90% depends on medicine  Today 25% of all prescription drugs come from plants  New plant-derived medicinal compounds are discovered every year Time-Course of Herbal Medicine in History Started with neathethals 60,000BC in Iraq They were thought to be meat eaters while new anthropologists found grains in their skull and the thought was that they was a relationship between them using plants to cure things It indicated a relationship between plants and the supernatural Jane Goodal studied chimpanzees and spider monkeys to see the behaviour; they found that these animals use plants for medical purposes -Chimpanzees eat these plants to relieve them of certain parasites- the worms that are attached to the intestine are removed from the leaves. It was possible the neatherthals What is an herbal? Collection of drawings of many plants Contains a written description of each plant, its habit and how it can be used for medicine Time course of Herbal Medicine in History Date 2000 BC, Sumerian first record of clay tablets with medical information Date 1500BC Egypt  “Ebers Papyrus” is a catalogue of over 850 herbal remedies from 500 pants (garlic, cannibals) 2500 BC China The divine Husbandman’s classic (standard for Chinese medicine) 1500 BC India  Rig Veda (poetry about medicine): Indian herbal and basis for Ayurvedic medicine (snake bites treat mental disorders) 500 BC Greek and Roman Empires Hippocrates credited with developing herbal medicine in Ancient Greece. Medicine focused on four bodily fluids (humours) and illnesses due to humeral imbalance. First to think something hurts it is because of bodily diseases and not spirits. 100 AD Greek and Roman Empires “De Materia Medica” description, suggested use and preparation of over 600 medicinal plants 300-1200 AD Europe and Middle east no advance in medicine due to feudalism. Medical tradition kept alive by Catholic church. Middle eastern became the first pharmacists 1592- South and Central America- Aztecs, Mayans and Incas had strong herbal traditions 1300-1700 Europe Renaissance period yielded renewed interest in science and revival of herbals. Draw back people did not believe this. Paracelsus advocated “The Doctrine of Signature”. De Materia Medica translated as materials for medicine over 600 plants. In use from 100 to 1600 Doctrine of Signatures A plants appearance or other characteristics about it indicated the ailments it could treat example: a) Red juice of bloodroot- used for blood disorders b) Snakeroot : has a snake shaped root; used for snake bites c) Willow- grows in damp places; used for rheumatism (inflammation) and is a source of aspirin He looked at properties of plants and what they looked like to see if they can be treated for illnesses What were walnuts used to treat?  BRAIN AILLMENTS Maidenhair fern baldness 1300-1700 AD China – Li-shih Chen wrote “The Great Herbal”; contains 8000 prescriptions 1700-1900 AD Europe N. America  increased use of arsenic, mercury, iron and sulphur for medication instead of herbal med
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