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CLAS 3020 Lecture 2.docx

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University of Guelph
Classical Studies
CLAS 3020
Andrew Sherwood

CLAS 3020 Lecture 2 9/9/2013 12:27:00 PM Philip II (359-36) Alexander III (336-23) Olympias – Alexander’s mother and Cleopatra’s mother Strymon – major river and eastern boundary of Macedonia Thrace – other side of the Strymon Illyria – to the northwest of Macedon 1 talent = 6,000 drachma Thucydides – talks about the Macedonians in the 5 thc. Diadochoi – several men taking over after Alexander’s death (Ptolemy and Seleucus) Chaeronea 338 – end of the classical Greek world, Greece and Philip II meet for war in Boeotia Synhedrion – assembly of the Greeks, Philip 339 takes them all to Corinth to discuss Hetairos/ois (male/female companions) oae (prostitute) - Philip born in 382, becomes friends with 2 political leaders as a hostage in Thebes and learns their military techniques and political strategies - both of them (P and A) became labeled as hegemon leaders of the Greeks - their conquest of Persia, even though other Greek city-states helped with ships and man-power, was largely Macedonian - Macedonia takes Greece and then turns on Persia - Macedonia is a KINGDOM, not a POLIS - consists of a large coastal plain and extensive hills and plateaus to the north with high mountains farther north (nice defensive boundaries) - Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece, highest major boundary btwn Macedonia and Thrace - the lower plain has 2 rivers that flow year-round for irrigation and mineral deposits – farmed excess food for a larger population - the upper areas are good for pasturing goats and sheep, and upper farming, abundance of food - climate is different from Southern Greece, more moisture and snow in the winter (important because it made the tougher) - surrounded by the ‘barbarian’ non-Greeks, Thracians and Illyrians, etc. - effects the Macedonian Greek language, was it actually Greek? After Alexander, the southern Greeks considered the Macedonians Greek - in the 5th c. when Xerxes crosses the Hellespont and goes through Thrace to Macedonia, the Greeks consider the Macedonian’s as Greeks so they’re on their side - the big thing that separates Macedonia from the southern city-states is they didn’t evolve into a separate independent city-state, they have a monarchy (considered a primitive form of government unless adapted like Sparta) - monarchy seen as especially primitive cause seen as Homeric society – monarchy is used to deal with hostile neighbours and have a conscious awareness of being attacked - unity and a strong central figure is what Philip II has when he becomes the hegemon leader - Philip II dealt with the barbarians and consolidated is
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