Leadership traits and characteristics: leaders are followed because of want, not need (management) Honesty sincerity, integrity, and candor in all actions. Competency actions bases on reason and moral principles. Fair-minded fair treatment to all; no prejudice. Imaginative timely and appropriate changes in thinking, plans, and methods. Described by four leadership behaviours: telling, selling, participating, and delegating. Kurt lewin (1939) three leadership styles based on the leader"s decision-making behaviour: autocratic, democratic, and participative. Leader tells followers what to do and how to do it. Followers may be inexperienced and unable to make qualified decisions; or time constraints may be a factor. As followers gain experience, leaders can shift some decision-making power to subordinates. Followers have some level of commitment to job. Emphasis is shared with the leaders and followers (the process is important) Followers have some knowledge of the job and their input is valuable. Followers must have significant knowledge of job and requirements.