ENGL 2740 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Paratext, Exemplum, Bsc Young Boys

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21 Sep 2017
Department
Course
Professor
Key Terms
Paratext
Umbrella text -the concept of literary interpretation
§
Peritext
Images and textual elements that are secondary to the primary elements
of the published work
§
Author blurb
§
Awards and acclamations
§
Not materially appended to the text however circulating freely in social
space
§
Teacher's guides on books
§
§
Ideology
Set of internalized values that contain very powerful features
Ideology assumptions often go unmentioned, spark words are: naturally,
timeless, universal. These words insert the assumption that its is
common sense.
§
Ideological assumptions shape judgments of taste and morality but also
translate into actions and behaviours
This things tend to have a connection to ideology
§
Impacts political policy and the decisions made in the world
Interpellation
Means by which ideology survives
The recognition that something is about you, speaking to you.
You might be the you that is being addressed, recognizing that you may
be the individual being addressed.
§
Aesop's Fables
A long history of being considered good literature for children
Originally intended for wealthy young boys
Have not been seen solely as children's lit. but also in a political way
Perspectives on kings and parliamentarians
§
Who was Aesop?
The subject of narrative, a legendary figure
Former slave, often described as once mute and deaf who later earned his
abilities back
Social disempower however becomes the favour figure amongst leaders
of Greece
§
Not quite a part of either group allows an interesting POV
§
What is a fable?
Teaches a lesson
Often includes animal characters that have adopted human characteristics
Using animals to talk about human relationships
§
Exemplum
A very short story that is meant to be an example of the bigger picture
that the reader will recognize
§
Rhetoric
Change the way you think and act
§
Coded social commentary
Despite the length they are often written for specific dilemmas for a
specific audience
§
Occasionally implicit. Explicitly stated morals are not always simply, the
dilemmas and messages can be very deep when pressed
Promythium
Explicit moral stated first, then the story happens
§
Epimythium
Story first then explicit moral
§
Endomythium
Explicit moral is often stated my the characters, occurs inside the
story
§
Fables are all multiple versions, there is no original however they all have
similar bases
Readings
"Even a high and mighty person should beware of his inferiors; their ingenuity can find
a way to take revenge"
Eagle represents the high and mighty
Focalized point, fox is only introduced based on the relationship to the
eagle
§
"… an eagle who stole the cubs of a fox and carried them off to her nest as food for her
chicks to peck at."
The eagle appears to have stolen the cubs not for the requirement of feeding
her chicks but rather because she could
"the mother fox set off in pursuit"
Implying the motherhood instinct
"…begging the eagle not to impose this unbearable loss…"
Utilizing the knowledge of the chain of superiority to her advantage hoping to
show her lower social level to imply that she has nothing else
"the fox threatening the pain to her enemy at the cost of her own flesh and blood."
Reader's opinion on the fox may changed based on the quick change and
willingness to desert her own flesh. This move can also be seen as strategic
calling the bluff of the eagle.
The animals tended to follow their attached natural characteristics. The fox
appeared sly and the eagle appeared regal.
The aspect that both characters were females and mothers implies a natural order
Animal fables tend to naturalize differences by dividing types of people visually
with different animals
Handout
1.3 Fables
Friday,*September* 15,*2017
1:17*PM
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Key Terms
Paratext
Umbrella text -the concept of literary interpretation
§
Peritext
Images and textual elements that are secondary to the primary elements
of the published work
§
Author blurb
§
Awards and acclamations
§
Epitext
Not materially appended to the text however circulating freely in social
space
§
Teacher's guides on books
§
§
Ideology
Set of internalized values that contain very powerful features
Ideology assumptions often go unmentioned, spark words are: naturally,
timeless, universal. These words insert the assumption that its is
common sense.
§
Ideological assumptions shape judgments of taste and morality but also
translate into actions and behaviours
This things tend to have a connection to ideology
§
Impacts political policy and the decisions made in the world
Interpellation
Means by which ideology survives
The recognition that something is about you, speaking to you.
You might be the you that is being addressed, recognizing that you may
be the individual being addressed.
§
Aesop's Fables
A long history of being considered good literature for children
Originally intended for wealthy young boys
Have not been seen solely as children's lit. but also in a political way
Perspectives on kings and parliamentarians
§
Who was Aesop?
The subject of narrative, a legendary figure
Former slave, often described as once mute and deaf who later earned his
abilities back
Social disempower however becomes the favour figure amongst leaders
of Greece
§
Not quite a part of either group allows an interesting POV
§
What is a fable?
Teaches a lesson
Often includes animal characters that have adopted human characteristics
Using animals to talk about human relationships
§
Exemplum
A very short story that is meant to be an example of the bigger picture
that the reader will recognize
§
Rhetoric
Change the way you think and act
§
Coded social commentary
Despite the length they are often written for specific dilemmas for a
specific audience
§
Occasionally implicit. Explicitly stated morals are not always simply, the
dilemmas and messages can be very deep when pressed
Promythium
Explicit moral stated first, then the story happens
§
Epimythium
Story first then explicit moral
§
Endomythium
Explicit moral is often stated my the characters, occurs inside the
story
§
Fables are all multiple versions, there is no original however they all have
similar bases
Readings
"Even a high and mighty person should beware of his inferiors; their ingenuity can find
a way to take revenge"
Eagle represents the high and mighty
Focalized point, fox is only introduced based on the relationship to the
eagle
§
"… an eagle who stole the cubs of a fox and carried them off to her nest as food for her
chicks to peck at."
The eagle appears to have stolen the cubs not for the requirement of feeding
her chicks but rather because she could
"the mother fox set off in pursuit"
Implying the motherhood instinct
"…begging the eagle not to impose this unbearable loss…"
Utilizing the knowledge of the chain of superiority to her advantage hoping to
show her lower social level to imply that she has nothing else
"the fox threatening the pain to her enemy at the cost of her own flesh and blood."
Reader's opinion on the fox may changed based on the quick change and
willingness to desert her own flesh. This move can also be seen as strategic
calling the bluff of the eagle.
The animals tended to follow their attached natural characteristics. The fox
appeared sly and the eagle appeared regal.
The aspect that both characters were females and mothers implies a natural order
Animal fables tend to naturalize differences by dividing types of people visually
with different animals
Handout
1.3 Fables
Friday,*September* 15,*2017 1:17*PM
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
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