Euro week 6.docx

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20 Oct 2014
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Euro week 6 2014-02-11
A changing society
De Gaulle, the EEC and the British question
The re-escalation of the cold war
The 1961 berlin crisis
The missile crisis
Consumer society in the 1960’s
The arts
The rise of the general
Charles de Gaulle
The general
Originally opposed to the 4th republic
In France, unstable regime
Patriot
Believed France had a special role in world politics
Joined army as a young man, worked his way up
He went rogue and confronted prime minister about political decisions
Greatly contributed to the liberation of France
Symbolic capital
Rebel, then a statesman
Creating own political party, opposed regime
Dictator
Feared he would re-establish dictatorship
Abolished the 4th republic, establishment of the 5th republic
Half presidential, half parliamentary regime
Viewed France as a potential leader of Europe
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Europe to be the instrument of France’s greatness
Incompatible with those of Germany, Netherlands
Resentment
De Gaulle and the EEC
Turn the EEC into a French dominated trading bloc
Lobby for an intergovernmental EEC, not a supranational one
Played a decisive part in the development of free trade in Europe
1961: elimination of all trade restrictions in the EU
lowering of external tariffs with the USA during the 1960 Dillon Round
American goods would become more expensive
“black listed” in the USA – public enemy to USA
the status of agriculture
common agricultural policy in 1960
protectionist measure
before WW2, about 45% of workforce involved with agriculture, after it was only 23%
outflow of people towards the cities
trying to keep agricultural prices high, so farmers could live
trying to devise redistribution so French agriculture wouldn’t suffer
further tariff cuts
high domestic prices, subsidise exports
slowed USA’s access to European market
3 categories
grains and dairy – most subject to CAP regulations
pig meat and eggs
fruit, veg, wines
guidance and guarantee fund – target prices
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