EURO 1050 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: European Atomic Energy Community

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Published on 14 Oct 2015
Course
EURO*1050 2015-09-15
HISTORICAL IDEAS OF EUROPE BEFORE 1945
Origins of ‘Europe’ (myth and geography)
- europa was the daughter of king ???
- taken away by zeus and had children
- not much proof of her name and the geography being connected
- concept is construct
- boundaries in the east are always open for debate
- dividing the world (asia, Africa, Europe)
- Europe was extended in the west to the British isles
Early ideas of Europe
- Greeks and romans built up empires extending boundaries and ideas of Europe
- citizens did not have a sense of identity let alone geography
- closely associated with Christianity
- period in which Europe comes under threat of invasion from the ottoman empire, Muslim world
- long history of Europe defining itself as a Christian state
- father of Europe: Charlemagne‘s holy roman empire, 800 – 814
- ruled much of Europe
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- covered much of western and central Europe
- didnt really have any plans for a united Europe
- king who came thru war and politics
- holding together tribes and races across Europe rather than a shared sense of dignity
- empire collapsed following his death
SKIP 600 YEARS
- term Europe is not used frequently
- change in 15th c
- threat to continent Europe
- capture of Constantinople (Istanbul) 1453, head of Christian church, attacked by infidel troops
- key factor: not the unity of Europe but the unity of Christian
- men usually put in forwards of some sort of united Europe with zero public impact, as far back as
1500s and 1600s
- 1560-1641 de sully came up with the grand design in Europe
- each political bodies would send reps to an early form of European parliament
- council of Europe and a general council
- sought European statesmen’s
- 1690: William Penn writes an essay about the diet (parliament)
The French Revolution and Napoleonic Europe
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- French revolution, nationalism, Europe
- 18th c enlightenment based on reason, science and progress
- linked by civilization
- shared set of European values
- 1766: first use of “European civilization”, widely used in 19th c
- embarks on imperial expansion (british)
- teach each other parts of the world and politics
- economic, cultural dominance
1789
- outbreak and beginning of French revolution
- impact and subsequent rule of Bonaparte 1789-1815
- revolution begins 14th of july, storming of bastille 1789
- greeted with excitement and enthusiasm
- rev. was never a European movement
- strengthened nationalism
- birthplace of nation state
- nationalism is associated to a love of ones own country at the expense of others
- 1792 rev. france declares war against the rest of Europe
- liberation shades into colonization
- French nation state gets bigger
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