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Lecture

EURO 1200 Lecture Notes - Ugo Foscolo, The Last Letter, Romantic Hero


Department
European Studies
Course Code
EURO 1200
Professor
Paola Mayer

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Foscolo is the first europeon writer who lived in Italian after the french
revolution
Foscolo born in greece
after french revolution italy is mostly controlled by france
1815 the congress of vienna, austrian empire replaces france as the main
political power dominating italy
austria was a very conservative power
Foscolo believes there is a chance for Italy to become independent
Letter of Jacopo Ortis, and Of tombs seals Foscolo's fate in italy
Austrian government offers him the editor of a journal
Foscolo decides he can't do it so he leaves italy and goes to switzerland
then heads to england, and stays there
when he arrives in england, he is hailed as the greatest italian writer of the
time
when he dies, it is in bad economic conditions
when italy was unified, foscolo's remain were transported to the basilica of
santa croce in Florence, with the great artists of italy
The Last Letter of Jacopo was very much like Goethe's The sorrows of Young
Wether, a great deal of emulation
influence short and long
influence that would last for generations
ortis' love for his homeland and his bleak descriptions of venice and italy
under foreign rule inspired gene ratios of italians who longed for
national independence
the unification of italy
the end of foreign domination of italians
main themes
ortis's two passion: love for teresa and love for italy
innovation, novels today are long narratives that unfold in a certain way this
is a modern invention, in Italy epic poems were known as
novels, lots of uncertainty what a novel is until the 18th C
the last letters is often considered the first italian novel
ortis and pre romantic sensibility: "the pre romantic hero is caught up in
frenzied quest for a inner coherence and sense of unity which
forever elude him." (radcliff-umstead, ugo foscolo, pg 520
in this case neither of his two loves will come to fruition
passion are the ruling forces of human life
very important, a very passionate book,
the theme of political passions the aspiration to the freedom and
independence of italy
admiration for the work of art of the creative genius
nature is wild and majestic, a source of emotion and religious exaltation.
Later on Ortis becomes increasingly critical of the imperfection of
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