FRHD 1010 Lecture 1: lecture 1

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1010
Susan Chuang

The Beginning Chapter 1 The Scientific Method (steps) •Start with curiosity.....why???? •Hypothesis: what do you expect? what would happen? •Test the hypothesis: get some evidence! •Draw conclusions once you have data •Report results and share results in conferences o It is when researchers do this we can determine if their findings are accurate •Read: A View from Science – SIDS (higher risks of infants) Nature - Nurture •What are you born with? (genetics) o Are you born a girl or a boy? •Your environment o How many family members do you have? Where were you born? ie: if you were born in another countries you may have disadvantages or advantages •Development over time o Multidirectional- goes in multiple two ways. You affect the environment the environment affects you o Critical period: MUST- this starts at premarital. If something doesn’t happen at a certain time it is lost o Sensitive: Ideal time. (ie: Being neglected at birth) It is ideal to be not neglected but it does not stop you from seeing, or acting. It is easier to learn a language when you are small as it is ideal but it is still possible to learn the language Bronfenbrenner: Ecological-Systems Approach o All about relationships; what relationships a child will have throughout life: (1) MICRO (Child- parent) (2) MESO (Child-parent, child-teacher) (3) EXO (Neighbourhoods)- external outside, dorms (Guelph) (4) MACRO (Culture) CHRONO- (time) outside the circle of these 4 relationships. It is the time where you are born as it makes a difference as to where you grow up Canada: Multicultural •Diversity: different ethnicity o Three founding peoples, Aboriginals: First Nations, Inuit, Métis, o English o French Now Canada represents over 200 ethnicity It is through the Immigration: Multiculturalism Act that allowed immigrants to come it: Recognize and promote the understanding that multiculturalism reflects the cultural and racial diversity of Canadian society and acknowledges the freedom of all members of Canadian society to preserve, enhance and share their cultural heritage Canada needed more immigrants to help their economic system Settlement agenices: help immigrants learn the language and services for adapting to Canadian life (it is free) Canada is one of the top countries to go to when immigrating Culture Culture: set of shared values, beliefs, inclusive structured relationships o shared understanding, affecting their attitudes, judgments, emotions and practices o Dynamic, always moving, depending on society and gp factors Acculturation: Cultural and psychological changes that individuals face as they come into contact with a new culture (Berry) When people come from one culture to another. Canada: 21% immigrant population (#2 in the world) Theories Viewing the Individual YOU SOCIAL –FAMILY It is the idndivual (you) how one interacts with others It is the environment that impacts the child (we mold the child) Psychoanalytic Theory •Freud • Focuses on the Inner drives and motive that influences thinking and behaviour •Stage theory: divide child development into stages (think of stairs) o Universal- it doesn’t matter who you are (you may go faster but it is not the point; everyone goes through stages o Hierarchical- The stages get higher and higher o Invariant: it is not changeable. You cannot mix the stages up o Sequential: must go in order •Physician, treating thos
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