FRHD 1020 Lecture 7: FRHD1020FinalNotes

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Sandra Pericak

FRHD 1020 Final Notes Week 7 Chapter 6 Fertility and Having a child Transitions This transition is significant because we add the parental role. We add this role the very complex and agegraded role of parent to our existing family roles such as son or daughter, sibling, and husband or wife. This in itself is interesting because most of the social roles we assume are age graded for us. The parent role is dictated by the age of ones child and the experiences that child brings to the parent. This transition to the parent role is also significant because the child, whether adopted or genetically related, is treated as a consugine (with blood) relative , and their relationships are durable in both cultural and legal ways. While one may separate or divorce a spouse to leave ones child is considered abandonment and negligence by both society and the cou rts. why couples want a child conformity: what adults are supposed to do. One is not truly recognized as an adult until they give birth and become a parent, having an adult status. Probably the most frequently cited reason why people have children. life experience: becoming a parent is important to the richness of life. People argue that not having child is missing out on life. It is argued that women should not sacrifice having a family for their career. social capital: the network of relationships to which the individual has access. Many social organizations and networks are reserved for those who have children. Eg. Parent being a soccer coach. Couples desire for children is really a desire for social capital. old age security: in developing nations where there are no old age security systems, having a child is viewed as assuring that someone will take care of you. Some countries which invest in old age security systems, their birth rates drop. Other reasons include entertainment but most of these reasons can fit into one of the above reasons. actual vs desired fertility Desiredintended fertility are not good predictors of actual fertility Canada 2001: women desired 2.47 children but the actual fertility at the time was approx. 1.5 o Delaying fertility? If women in a particular group decide to delay fertility until 25 years of age, even our estimates of their fertility based on current behaviour would be inaccurate. Economic wellbeing, education etc. affects this decision. Voluntary childlessness Those who do not want a child Independence and freedom Often cite reasons such as:
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