Human Sexuality chapter 2, 3.docx

10 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 2100
Robin Milhausen

CHAPTER 2 Empirical Derived from or based on observation and experimentation Reliability The consistency or accuracy of a measure. Validity The degree to which a test measures what it is supposed to measure. Ethnographic Observation A study method in which behaviours and customs are observed within a group’s native environment. Vasocongestion Congestion resulting from the flow of blood. Myotonia Muscle tension CHAPTER 3 Vulva The externa sexual structures of the female Mons Veneris A mound of fatty tissue that covers the pubic bone (the joining of the pelvic bones at the abdomen and above the clitoris) the mons veneris is also known as the mons pubis, or the mons. Labia Majora Large folds of skin that run downward from the mons alon the side of the vulva Labia Minora Hairless, light coloured membranes located between the labia majora Clitoris A female sex organ consisting of a shaft and a glans, located aboce the urethral opening. Extremely sensitive to sexual sensation. Corpora cavernosa Masses of spongy tissue in the clitoral shaft that become engorges with blood and stiffen in response to sexual stimulation. Prepuce The fold of skin covering the glans of the clitoris (or of the penis in the male Homologous Similar in structure; developing from the same embryonic tissue Analogous Similar in function Urethral Opening The opening through which urine passes from the females body. Clitoridectomy Surgical removal of the clitoris. Cystitis An inflammation of the urinary bladder. Introitus the Vaginal opening. Hymen A fold of tissue across the vaginal opening that’s usually present at birth and remains at least partly intact until a woman engages in sexual intercourse. Perineum The skin under lying tissue that lies between the vaginal opening and the anus. Episiotomy A surgical incision in the perineum that ma be made during childbirth, to protect the vagina from tearing. Sphincters Ring shaped muscles that surround body openings, which they open or close by expanding or contracting. Crura Anatomic structures resembling legs that attach the clitoris to the pubic bone Vestibular bulbs Cavernous structures that extend downward along the sides of the introitus and swell during sexual arousal Vagina The tubular female sex organ that contains the penis during sexual intercourse and through which a baby is born. Bartholins glands Glands that lie just inside the minor lips and secrete fluid just before orgasm. Pubococcygeus muscle The muscle that encircles the entrance to the vagina. Douche Application of a jet of liquid to the vagina as a rinse. Vaginitis Vaginal Inflammation Cervix The lower end of the uterus Os-> The opening in the middle of the cervix. Uterus the hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ in which a fertilized ovum implants and develops until birth Radiotherapy  Treatment of a disease by X-rays or by emissions from a radioactive substance. Pap test Examination of a sample of cervical cells for cervical cancer and other abnormalities Fallopian tubes Tubes that extend from the upper uterus towards the ovaries, conduction ova to the uterus. Ectopic pregnancy Pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube. Ovaries Almond-shaped organs that produce ova and the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are part of the endocrine system. Estrogen A generic term for female sex hormones or synthetic compounds that promote the development of female sex characteristics and regulate the menstrual cycle. Progesterone A steroid hormone that stimulates proliferation of the endometrium, and is involves in regulation of the menstrual cycle. Progesterone is secreted by the corpus luteum or prepared synthetically. Follicle A capsule within an ovary, containing an ovum. Secondary sex characteristics Traits that distinguish women from men but are not directly involved in reproduction Mammary glands Milk secreting glands (15-20 clusters in each breast) Areola The dark ring on the breast that encircles the nipple. Ovulation The process by which a mature ovarian follicle ruptures and releases an avum Corpus luteum  An avrian follicle that has released an ovum. The corus luteum remains in existence only after pregnancy begins Endocrine gland A gland that secretes a hormone directly into the blood, rather than through a dict. Ex. Thyroid, adrenal, and pituitary glands, as well as ovaries and testes. Menarche the first menstrual period. Hypothalamus A bundle of neural cell bodies involved in regulating body tempera
More Less

Related notes for FRHD 2100

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.