Week Three - ADhd.docx

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Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 2270
Professor
Robyn Pitman
Semester
Fall

Description
ADHD Characteristics Symptoms of Hyperactivity: - Fidget and squirm in their seats - Talk nonstop and have difficulty doing quiet tasks and activities - Dash around, touching or playing with anything in sight - Trouble sitting still during dinner, school and story time. Symptoms of Impulsivity: - Impatient and interrupt conversations of activities - Blurt out inappropriate comments, show their emotions without restraint and act without regard for consequences - Difficulty waiting for things that they want or waiting their turn. No child is the same; everyone is different in different ways. Causes Neuropsychiatric disorder (biological) 1) Ritalin – most commonly prescribed medication; 70-90% of children show decrease in demanding, disruptive and noncompliant behaviours; high responsiveness to medication; supports that the cause is biological because the medication is having an effect. 2) Inherited – ¼ of parents who have a hyperactive child have a history of hyperactivity; may be to do with preservatives in foods; some families have more than one member affected. 3) Brain imaging studies – children with ADHD have smaller frontal lobes and smaller brain volume; using MRI’s; frontal lobe is responsible for movement and impulse control; when its smaller it means it is underdeveloped, underdeveloped areas mean you are not functioning as everyone else is. Prevalence - Most common to emerge in elementary school years; you are learning new things and it becomes difficult; stress can make all the symptoms worse/harder to handle - Gender differences: more commonly found in boys; debates on whether boys are naturally more rowdy than girls and is this being misdiagnosed. o Girls show inattentive symptoms; and can be misattributed to laziness, moodiness, or lack of interest; unnoticed because they do not engage in disruptive behaviour. Treatment Medication: 70-90% respond to medications such as Ritalin, Concerta and Adderall. Adherence and schedule: taking medication at the same time each day, then child can decide to get o
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