Symptoms of Hyperactivity:
- Fidget and squirm in their seats
- Talk nonstop and have difficulty doing quiet tasks and activities
- Dash around, touching or playing with anything in sight
- Trouble sitting still during dinner, school and story time.
Symptoms of Impulsivity:
- Impatient and interrupt conversations of activities
- Blurt out inappropriate comments, show their emotions without restraint and act without regard for consequences
- Difficulty waiting for things that they want or waiting their turn.
No child is the same; everyone is different in different ways.
Neuropsychiatric disorder (biological)
1) Ritalin – most commonly prescribed medication; 70-90% of children show decrease in demanding, disruptive and
noncompliant behaviours; high responsiveness to medication; supports that the cause is biological because the medication is
having an effect.
2) Inherited – ¼ of parents who have a hyperactive child have a history of hyperactivity; may be to do with preservatives in
foods; some families have more than one member affected.
3) Brain imaging studies – children with ADHD have smaller frontal lobes and smaller brain volume; using MRI’s; frontal lobe
is responsible for movement and impulse control; when its smaller it means it is underdeveloped, underdeveloped areas mean
you are not functioning as everyone else is.
- Most common to emerge in elementary school years; you are learning new things and it becomes difficult; stress can make all
the symptoms worse/harder to handle
- Gender differences: more commonly found in boys; debates on whether boys are naturally more rowdy than girls and is this
o Girls show inattentive symptoms; and can be misattributed to laziness, moodiness, or lack of interest; unnoticed
because they do not engage in disruptive behaviour.
Medication: 70-90% respond to medications such as Ritalin, Concerta and Adderall.
Adherence and schedule: taking medication at the same time each day, then child can decide to get o