Lecture 2 - Theories.docx

3 Pages

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 2270
Robyn Pitman

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Sept. 10th Development Why is theory important? - Every theory lets you see/do things differently - Development will look different when looked at through different theories. KEY IDEAS Blank slate (Tabula Rosa) – John Locke Pushed forward ideas of environmental factors, not just heredity/genetics. Nurture/environment perspective. Maturation – Jean Jacques Rousseau Genetically determined, let innate abilities develop on own; adult training would hurt a childs built in moral sense and way of thinking and feeling; not a blank slate Nobel Savages: children already know who they are and what they need to do. Nature/Biological/genetic perspective. Continuity VS discontinuity Continuous: you stay relatively the same over time; if you are friendly at 5, you will be friendly at 25. Discontinuous: something qualitative about you changed; something happened and you changed. Not accurate: development is not perfectly predictable. Stage theories are discontinuous. Active vs Passive Child Active: children cause things to happen to them. Passive: things happen to them PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY Nature & Nurture Freud: Development is determined by how we resolve conflicts at different ages ID: primal, basic natural instincts; emerges at birth; want immediate gratification of bodily needs and wants; ex. Crying hungry baby; Develops over time as needs and wants change. Ego: the rational and practical component of our personality; emerges during first year of life (learning we can’t always have what we want); ego must resolve the conflicts between the ID and superego, and between real world obstacles; channels demands into socially acceptable behaviour; ex. Wants to play with a toy a kid has; ID would go take it; Ego would suggest to play with the other child to play with the toy. Superego: “Moral agent”; Emerges during preschool years; begin to understand right and wrong messages from the adults around us; Superego would remind ID what is right/wrong and the Ego will channel it into acceptable behaviour (compromise). Two Important Discoveries: 1) Early experiences can have enduring effects on development 2) Individuals experience conflict between what they want to do and what they should do. Freud’s theories and discoveries made the basis for today’s therapy (discussion of prob
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