FRHD 3040 Lecture 2 Jan 9th 2014.docx

4 Pages

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 3040
Leon Kuczynski

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 Lecture 2 Jan 9      201  Two Main types of theory in Parenting ­ Unidirectional models: parent ▯ child [mechanistic] ­ Bidirectional models—lots of variation  1900s 1960s—unidirectional theories and interventions—begin of infancy research  1970s to present—slow but consistent acceptance of bidirectional or dynamic models—not totally  there yet—still uni more dominant  uneven uptake  ­ Mothers and child’s behavior intertwined  ­ parents do more adjusting in the first few years of life when child is born  Why is directionality such a difficult idea? ­ the unidirectional model is a ‘common sense’, taken for granted theory reinforced by culture  ­ hard to take child influence Natural Language Parents: teaches, manages, controls, disciplines, rewards, nurtures, shapes, molds, transmits,  parents   Child: complies, obeys, internalizes, submits, learns, receives, identifies with, listens, imitates Parenting why not Filiating—the activities that the child does with the parent  Cultural Barriers ­ parent supposed to be active agent  ­ child supposed to be passive recipient   ­ unequal language and concepts for describing same behaviors in parents and child  Implicit assumptions of he unilateral model—parent▯child  Parent Child Relations: Causality—unidirectional, parents­cause, child­effect Agency—unequal agency, parents­active, child­passive Power—Fixed symmetry, parent­powerful, child­powerless Context—no context, separate individuals  Research Flows from Theory ­ Parent/predictor (cause)—independent variable ▯Child/outcome/dependent variable  ­ focus on parental antecedents and child consequences ­ products of parenting, not process  ­ Consequences of Unilateral Thinking ­ parent ▯child 1. Mother—blaming when something goes wrong with child, the issue is the parent  popular in late 80’s early 90’s recognizing that we are children (even adults)—many problems we have as adults is from  childhood and the way we were raised  mother­blaming in major clinical journals survey 125 articles in clinical journals published in 1970,76,38 72 problems linked to moms—i.e. anorexia, schizo, school dropout..ect.  Motherland—video that puts blame of the child on the mother’s Why blame mother
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