7. October 25.pdf

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3090
Michelle Preyde

Food insecurity • “Access to safe, nutritious, and personally acceptable food by means of maintaining human dignity” • Food insecurity is defined as “the limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways” (Tarasuk and Beaton 1999). Prevalence of hunger among Canadian children (McIntyre) • 1.2% • Frequency of reported hunger – 35% frequently hungry • Diverse characteristics: • Education • Health status Prevalence of food insecurity (Badun et al., 1995) • Sample: parents in low-income community • Measures: nutrition knowledge, dietary intake, weight status, prevalence of food security • Findings: knowledge 70%; intake partially adequate; 34% BMI > 27; 65% experienced at least one component of food insecurity • Implications Food is a political issue • Diet/nutrition is a principle determinant of health • Poor diet/nutrition contributes to illness and burden of disease • Cardiovascular disease (CVD), type II diabetes, cancer • Lower resistance to infection, oral disease, congenital abnormalities Major risk factors for CVD • High blood pressure, salt intake • Serum cholesterol, saturated fat intake • Tobaco • High BMI • Low fruit/vegetable intake • Low physical activity • High alcohol intake Measuring food inequality • Proportion of household expenditure • High proportion → poor nourishmen
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