January 24, 2013 (film)- Rick Lavoi.docx

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Page 1 of 3 January 24, 2013 (film)- Rick Lavoi FRHD 3150- 01  "When the Chips are Down" video o Kids don't play by the rules o Change child's behaviour by changing your behaviour at home and at school o Learning disabilities: the real challenge is educating those who don't have one (slogan) o Controlling and dealing with the behaviour of child with learning disabilities o 3 things you need to have to effectively deal with learning disabilities  Knowledge  Techniques--> strategies you can use  Philosophy--> belief system of how these children should be taught  Need to develop an understanding of the difference between positive and negative reinforcement  Positive reinforcement--> changes behaviour  Won't change a child's behaviour by punishing them  Negative reinforcement only stops behaviour o Changing behaviour doesn't occur as quickly as we would like o Think about the way kids learn language  Reinforcement for a baby saying "mama" the first time  Reinforce each step toward the goal  Ie. Child shouting out answers in class  Less wrong if teacher tells them to raise their hand and wait to be called on and child raises hand and shouts out answer o Performance inconsistency--> have bad days and good days  Ie. Studying for a test really hard and then getting the test and not remembering anything  Learning disabled children go through this very often  Important for the child's ego to celebrate good days and not stress over bad days o Behavioural questionable practices  Corporal punishment--> any physical contact with the child  Teacher could be in full control but don't know what the child is going to do  Time-out--> probably using it incorrectly  Used to isolate kids and as a punishment  Meant to take a child who is receiving positive reinforcement for negative behaviour and put them in a situation where they are receiving no reinforcement for negative behaviour  Should not say "go to the corner and come back when you feel you're ready"  Teacher/ parent should make the decision  Forced apologies--> if they aren't sorry, you are forcing them to lie  Sarcasm--> children are very literal, be prepared to take sarcasm from the child  Taking things away from children  Children learn their morals and values based on what they see us do  Don't be surprised if the child takes stuff away from other children  Can take stuff away but say that you'll give it back to them after class, next time they have to go get it back, next time has to go to principal's office to Page 2 of 3 get it back, next time mom or dad has to go to the principal's office to get it back  Cheap shots  Don't ask a child if they were good and then when they say they were, tell them you know they weren't  Asking the child to lie  Imposing school tasks as punishment  Ie. Reading an extra chapter in a book  Teaching children that homework is a bad thing  Ie. Being good= no homework  Being bad= double homework o Preventative discipline  Too reactive with children, not proactive enough  Take preventative measures to prevent the problem from happening in the first place  Children respond to environment, possibly solution is to change environment instead of behaviour 
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