March 7, 2013 (chapter 18, 20-22 and social learning theory).docx

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Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Professor
Michelle Preyde
Semester
Winter

Description
Page 1 of 5 March 7, 2013 (chapter 18, 20-22 and social learning theory) FRHD 3150  Chapter 18 and Social Learning Theory  Modelling in behavioural treatment o Modeling  Procedure whereby a sample of the behaviour is presented  Effective modelling o Show the effect of the behaviour (consequence) o Use multiple models  Include peers  High status or prestige person o Use rules  Physical guidance o Physical contact guides the person through the motions of the desired behaviour o Type of modelling o May also involve:  Fading  Chaining  Rules  Goals  Reinforcement  Situation inducement o When a situation influences behaviour  Effect may be due to behaviour having been learned or modelled in that situation previously  Ie. Being quiet in a library  Physical elements of the situation may naturally elicit the behaviour  Ie. Slow paced music causes people to move at a slower pace o Strategies based on situational inducement  Rearrange the surroundings  Rearrange people (within the situation)  May also want to move people in/ out of the situation  Move the activity/ behaviour to a new location  Change the time of the activity/ behaviour  Banduar's theory of self-regulation o Controlling your own behaviour o 3 steps  Self observatino  Judgement  Self-response (reward/ punishment)  Problems with self control o Behavioural excesses  Too much behaviour of a particular type  Not an inappropriate behaviour, simply too much of a behaviour  Ie. Eating, drinking alcohol, watching tv  Causes  Immediate reinforcers and delayed punishers Page 2 of 5  Reward occurs immediately but punisher doesn't occur for a period of time (hours, days, etc…)  Immediate reinforcers and cumulatively significant punishers  Reward occurs immediately and punisher occurs immediately but is too small to be noticed until it occurs numerous times o Behavioural deficiencies  Too little behaviour of a typical type  Common examples  Flossing your teeth, exercising, studying  Reasons for behavioural deficiencies o Immediate punishers and cumulatively significant reinforcers  A small punisher occurs immediately and a reward occurs immediately but is too small to be noticed until it occurs numerous times o Engaging in the behaviour: causes a good thing to happen o Immediate small punisher for behaviour, and the reward is avoidance of an improbably major punisher  There is an immediate small punisher that deters you from wanting to engage in the behaviour and the reward is weak because it is merely avoidance of a major punisher is unlikely to occur anyway  Ie. Wearing a bike helmet o Immediate small punisher and the reward is avoidance of a delayed major punisher  There is an immediate small punisher that deters you from wanting to engage in the behaviour, and the reward is weak because it is avoidance of a major punisher will not occur for a period of time  Power of consequences o Consequences are more powerful when they are: Immediate   Substantial (worthwhile or at least noticeable)  Probable/ likely to occur  Gaining self control o A plan  Create goals  Create rules  Put focus on reward or avoidance of punishment  Create a list of benefits of behaviour change  Create reminders  Create additional rewards  Give yourself permission to relish in the enjoyment of each accomplishment  Expose yourself to modelling  Notice possible situation inducement  Change your surroundings  Notice controlling stimulus (S )  Change your surrounds or the stimuli in your surroundings  Self-talk (avoid negative, use positive)  Imagery (avoid negative, use positive)  Allow for setbacks  Lantz Article  Behaviou
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