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March 14, 2013 (chapters 23 and 24)
o Only multiple choice
Chapters 23 and 24
Refers to a set of information gathering strategies to examine what precedes the target
behaviour, what follows it
o Attempt to identify patterns
o Questionnaire assessment
Ie. Functional assessment screen tool (FAST)
o Observational assessment
o Manipulate the person's environment and observe the effect on behaviour
Factors associated with problem behaviours: positive reinforcement
o Problem behaviours maintained by:
Social positive reinforcement
Nonsocial external sensory positive reinforcement
Seen a lot with little children when they like to watch things flush down the toilet
Factors associated with problem behaviours: negative reinforcement (taking away aversive stimuli)
o Social negative reinforcement
o Self-stimulatory negative reinforcement
o Nonsocial negative reinforcement
Some origins of problem behaviours
o Medical conditions
Problems from within
Interactions with others
Will solving the problem benefit the client?
o Can the problem and goal be quantified as an objective behaviour?
o Are there other issues that necessitate referral to a specialist?
o Define the target behaviour and goal in precise behavioural terms
o Identify significant people in clients life
Can they assist with implementing the program?
Are there people who might hinder the program?
3. Determine the baseline
Monitor the behaviour
Identify current stimulus control (stimuli that either deter or increase the behaviour)
Identify consequences that may be maintaining the behaviour
4. If you are increasing a behaviour with reinforcement
What will be used as a reinforcer? Page 2 of 3
What schedule of reinforcement will be used?
Who will dispense reinforcers?
Who will monitor the effectiveness of the reinforcer?
5. If you are decreasing a behaviour
Can you remove the S for the problem behaviour?
Can you withhold reinforcers that are maintaining the problem behaviour?
Can you apply:
DRL (see January 22 notes)
Should punishment be used?
6. If you're developing a new behaviour, will you use:
Shaping--> successive approximations of behaviours as they're reaching towards the
Fading--> gradual change of stimulus
Chaining--> sequence of behaviours, stimuli and responses
7. How can you use antecedent control?
8. How will your program generalize and maintain?