March 21, 2013 (chapters 27 and 28 and Miller article).docx

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Page 1 of 6March 21 2013 chapters 27 and 28 and Miller article and Autism video FRHD 3150Cognition o Belief o Thought o Expectancy o Attitude o PerceptionPurpose of cognitive therapy o Helping a client overcome a difficulty ie Phobia by learning to get ride of unproductive or dysfunctional cognitions and replacing them with more healthy cognitions o Cognitive restructuringThe process where people learn to replace dysfunctional cognitions with healthy cognitionsReminder behavioural modification o The techniques applied to modify behaviour o thus behaviour modification involves the systematic application of learning principles and techniques to assess and improve individuals covert and overt behaviours to enhance their functioningDysfunctional thoughts o OvergeneralizingAllowing an isolated negative event or experience colour how you feel about yourself or things in general o Catastrophizing aka magnificationPutting more emphasis value on negative events or experiences than reasonable o Absolute termsAllornothing thinking When people say I never or I always o Discounting successEvents or experiences that demonstrate your success skill competence integrity merit etc are discounted o Negative filterEach day is filled with both good and bad events or experiences but you focus on the bad ones o Arbitrary inferenceDrawing a conclusion without adequate evidenceCognitive restructuring o The first challenge is to help clients become aware of the unhealthy thoughts that they haveUnhealthy thoughts are often so automatic and happen so quickly that we dont even really notice them we just notice the effect of them guilt depression anxiety etc o How do we help clients become aware of their thoughtsAsk questionsPrompt them to be aware of their thoughtsThought chart homeworkVisualizationExposure
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