March 26, 2013 (chapters 27 and 28).docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Page 1 of 4 March 26, 2013 (chapters 27 and 28) FRHD 3150  Video clip "overcoming an extreme phobia" o o Phobia= powerful or irrational fear o More than 10% of US have a phobia of some kind o Need determination and focus to get over a phobia o Systematic desensitization  Cognition o Belief o Thought o Expectancy o Attitude o Perception  Purpose of cognitive therapy o Helping a client overcome a difficulty (ie. Phobia) by learning to get ride of unproductive or dysfunctional cognitions and replacing them with more healthy cognitions o Cognitive restructuring  The process where people learn to replace dysfunctional cognitions with healthy cognitions  Reminder- behavioural modification o The techniques applied to modify behaviour o "thus, behaviour modification involves the systematic application of learning principles and techniques to assess and improve individuals' covert and overt behaviours to enhance their functioning"  Dysfunctional thoughts o Over-generalizing  Allowing an isolated negative event or experience colour how you feel about yourself or things in general o Catastrophizing (aka magnification)  Putting more emphasis/ value on negative events or experiences than reasonable o Absolute terms  All-or-nothing thinking. When people say 'I never…' or 'I always…' o Discounting success  Events or experiences that demonstrate your success, skill, competence, integrity, merit, etc… are discounted o Negative filter  Each day is filled with both good and bad events or experiences but you focus on the bad ones o Arbitrary inference  Drawing a conclusion without adequate evidence  Cognitive restructuring o The first challenge is to help clients become aware of the unhealthy thoughts that they have  Unhealthy thoughts are often so automatic, and happen so quickly that we don't even really notice them- we just notice the effect of them (guilt, depression, anxiety, etc…) o How do we help clients become aware of their thoughts?  Ask questions Page 2 of 4  Prompt them to be aware of their thoughts:  Thought chart (homework)  Visualization  Exposure o Once clients are aware of their thoughts, the next step is to help them challenge the faulty elements  Collect evidence for the thoughts  Both in session and as homework (keep records)  Do this in an open, transparent way so that clients can learn to do this for themselves- explain why you're doing these things o Develop new, more healthy thoughts  Healthy visualization  Healthy self talk o Practice them!  Homework assignments  Exposure treatments  Guided imagery  How does exposure work? o Fear hierarchy  List of situations that are increasing more anxiety provoking, specifically created by/ for the client o Exposure is also known as
More Less

Related notes for FRHD 3150

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.