FARE 1300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Vitamin A Deficiency, Overnutrition, Marasmus
Common measure is body mass index highly imperfect but used for its simplicity and low cost and technology needed to measure it. Bmi = weight (kg) / [height (m)] squared. 30 and over = obese class 1. 35 - 39. 9 = obese class 2. 40 and over = obese class 3. Children between before birth and 24 months after birth are the group that are most at impacted by their diet -- this is a critical stage in development for predetermined overnutrition problem. No country in the world has reversed the trend of overnutrition. You don"t have to be at the poverty level (dollar a day) to have deficiencies in micronutrients. Cycle of poverty and malnutrition -- tired, less efficient, make less money. Breaking this cycle is critical to escaping poverty. Many places that primarily eat rice have a big micronutrient deficiency.