FARE 1300 Lecture Notes - Natural Disaster, Phytophthora Infestans, Environmental Protection

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics
Course
FARE 1300
Professor
Fare*1300 Food, Hunger and Poverty 2013
Professor: Julio Mendoza, office hours by apt.
Course Objectives
• Nature of malnutrition, under nutrition and food insecurity
• Understanding of the causes of under nutrition and food insecurity
• Critically assess alternative approaches to reducing under nutrition and food
insecurity
• Critical analysis of development issues
• Skills in use of simple economic frameworks
• Skills in data access and analysis
The Hunger Problem:
Undernourishment Starvation Famine
Undernourishment pertains to a lack of sufficient nutrients minerals, vitamins,
proteins, calories and general nutritional energy inputs in order to sustain an
active, functioning body. 13% of the world‟s population suffers from malnutrition.
Starvation implies long-term depletion and lack of energy inputs from food
sources that results in the body‟s self-consumption of fats, muscle mass and
tissues. Organs such as the kidneys, liver and endocrine system often ceases to
function regularly or at all People can die from having such little energy through
starvation.
Famine refers to widespread hunger over populations and time. Males normally
carry greater masses of natural weight, and therefore suffer less-frequently and
abruptly from starvation and resulted famine than do pregnant or sick women,
and significantly, infants and children.
In an average day, 24 000 people die from hunger.
The global response is brought on by:
- Overseas Development Assistance (ODA)… a small % of GDP actually is
given to assistance
- Trade
- Peace-keeping
- Environmental protection
- Migration
- Etc. …
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Fare*1300 Food, Hunger and Poverty 2013
Different Approaches to the Hunger Problem
Pessimistic Approach
“Fighting Famine”
Ethiopia: green landscape, but nothing is growing so people are hungry
Food is decreasing consistently and rapidly
People are barely surviving on their incomes domestically, and in response to the
global economy
Drought is a huge uncontrollable variable
Hardest situations are experienced by those living in isolated rural areas
New „phenomena‟ is the appearance of those suffering within cities
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Document Summary

Undernourishment pertains to a lack of sufficient nutrients minerals, vitamins, proteins, calories and general nutritional energy inputs in order to sustain an active, functioning body. 13% of the world s population suffers from malnutrition. Starvation implies long-term depletion and lack of energy inputs from food sources that results in the body s self-consumption of fats, muscle mass and tissues. Organs such as the kidneys, liver and endocrine system often ceases to function regularly or at all people can die from having such little energy through starvation. Famine refers to widespread hunger over populations and time. Males normally carry greater masses of natural weight, and therefore suffer less-frequently and abruptly from starvation and resulted famine than do pregnant or sick women, and significantly, infants and children. In an average day, 24 000 people die from hunger. The global response is brought on by: given to assistance. Overseas development assistance (oda) a small % of gdp actually is.

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