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Lecture 10

FRHD 1100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Acquaintance Rape, Statutory Rape, Sleep Deprivation

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 1100
Robin Milhausen

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Week 10 Lectures and Chapter 14
Peer Health Educators Presentation
The WHO definition of intention injury is described as interpersonal violence that can
include homicide, sexual assault, neglect and abandonment, suicide and war
An unhealthy relationship
Chapter 14: Staying Safe: Preventing Injury, Violence, and Victimization
Unintentional injury can be influenced by many factors including age, stress and thrill
-Age: is fourth leading cause of death for all Canadians. Age injuries account for 70% of
injury related deaths among children and youth- the other group most affected is seniors.
-Stress: if you are stressed out or sleep deprived you pose a risk to yourself and others-
paying less attention to what we're doing can result in increase in accidents or injuries.
-Thrill Seeking: participating in activities that are "stimulating" however dangerous.
These individuals feel aroused rather than scared however these activities tend to result in
numerous injuries.
How studen'st keep themselves safe on campus:
- visit campus security to learn about safety
- drink responsibly- no drinking games or contests
- be aware of who is serving drinks- don't accept from strangers
- DO NOT leave drink where someone can slip a drug into it such as date rape
- take advantage of campus safe walk services
- lock up valuables
- don't give out dorm, apartment or house key to anyone- don't let strangers in
- take all fire alarms seriously
- stay away from internet gambling sites- avoid illegal gambling
- ask for help if victim of cyber bullying- do not isolate yourself
Sexual Harassment: is unwanted sexual attention anywhere from pornographic photos to
the use of sexual obscenities to a demand for sex by anyone in position of power or
authority. It is illegal. Effects include diminished ambition and self-confidence, reduced
ability to concentrate, sleeplessness, depression, physical aches, etc.
Sexual Coercion: comes in many forms including exerting peer pressure, taking
advantage of one's desire for popularity, threatening an end to a relationship, getting
someone intoxicated, stimulating a partner against his or her wishes or insinuating and
obligation based on the time or money one has expended.
Rape: refers to sexual intercourse with an unconsenting partner under actual or threatened
force. Statutory rape refers to sexual intercourse between and adult and a partner under
the age of 16. In acquaintance rape or date rape, the victim knows the rapist. In stranger
rape the rapist is an unknown assailant. Woman are far more likely than men to
encounter this physical force.
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Factors that influence acquaintance or date rape:
- personality and early sexual experiences
- situational variables (what happens during the date)
- acceptance of sexual coercion
- drinking
- date rape drugs
- gender differences in interpreting sexual cues
Men can prevent date rape by:
- remembering it's okay not to "score" and a sexy dress/flirting isn't an invitation to sex
- be aware of partner actions if she feels uncomfortable
- restrict drinking or drug use or sexually aggressive friend groups
- think of how want your sister or close woman friend to be treated
Impacts of rape:
- injuries such as vaginal discharge, bleeding, infections, multiple bruises and fractured
- chronic symptoms such as headaches, back aches, high blood pressure, sleep disorders,
nightmares, anxiety, flashbacks, pelvic pain, fertility problems, STIs and HIV infections
- therapists have linked sexual victimization to hopelessness, low self-eestem, high levels
of self criticism and self defeating relationships
- 30-50% of women develop post dramatic stress disorder
In the case of rape:
- should be reported to police immediately
- call a friend or rape crisis centre
- do not bathe or change clothes before getting help (semen, hair and material under
fingernails may be useful in identifying man behind rape)
- talk with a doctor or health care worker about testing and treatment for STIs and post
intercourse conception
Communication Lecture
Communication: Stems from desire to know and decision to tell to increase our own self
knowledge and understanding. Good communication skills and building relationships
support the social dimension of health and wellness. We must learn to convey anger, joy,
affection and sadness as relationships are built on emotional investment
Listening: integral part of communication. Active process of understanding other persons
feelings and motivations. To be an affective listener must ask questions to clarify and
prompt person to continue when questions answered
6 common types of non verbal communication:
- space or proximity
- touch
- eye contact or face expressions
- gestures and posture
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