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Lecture 6

FRHD 2040 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Fred Rogers, Playstation 4, Jean Piaget


Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 2040
Professor
Triciavan Rhijn
Lecture
6

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FRHD 2040 WEEK 2: Child Development and Play
What is play?
Pla gies hildre a hae to pratie hat the are learig – Fred Rogers
Origin of the word play
Fro the Duth pleie eaig to dae, leap for jo ad rejoie
Adoptio as plegia eaig to eerise or froli
Movement and motion synonymous with play
Defining play
Children ain all cultures learn through play
Through play children acquire knowledge, skills and abilities
Clear distinction between play and work
o Work has defined intent and prescribed outcome
o Play is a self-chosen activity rather than prescribed
o Play does not have predicted outcome or product
Play is about the process not product
Pla is serious usiess for the deelopet of oug learers
Characteristics of play
Play is personally motivated
Play is active
Play is often nonliteral
Play has no extrinsic goals
Players supply meaning
Play has no extrinsic rules
Benefits of play
Play helps children to
o Learn about the social community and cultural world
o Learn how to communicate and cooperate
o Develop socially, morally and emotionally
o Develop creativity, flexibility and problem solving skills
o Exercise natural curiosity and exuberance
Childre’s pla eperiees should
o Focus on the process of play
o Allow children to be in control
o Evolve from the child
o Be voluntary and self-initiated
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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FRHD 2040 WEEK 2: Child Development and Play
Purposes of play
Intellectual development is enhanced through
o Exploratory play
o Rule-governed play
Social and emotional development are enhanced through
o Development of social competence
o Exploration of different emotions
o Discourages egocentrism become more aware of needs of people around them
Physical development is enhanced by the use of
o Fine motor skills
o Gross motor skills
Continuum of play
Free play guided play directed play
Child directed ---------> teacher-directed
Free paly
o Kids choose from endless options of materials and how to us them
Guided
o Teacher may select materials, and children can choose from within those materials
o Usually so children can work on a particular concept (like Montessori model)
Directed paly
o Close-ended, very specific guidelines
Cognitive-developmental perspective of play
Jean Piaget identified four distinct play stags based on the objects children play with**
1. Practice (birth-22)
o Simple, repetitive muscle-like movements with people, objects and sounds
2. Symbolic/dramatic play (2-7)
o Expression of fantasy, use of props and taking on roles other than being children
3. Games with rules (5-6)
o Negotiation of rules before engaging in a play experience
4. Games of construction (4-6)
o Advanced form of symbolic play involving problem solving and social interaction
Social-behavioural perspective of play
Mildred Parten identified five stages of social play
1. Solitary play
o Playing alone limited or no interaction with other children
2. Onlooker play
o Watching others play but not engaging, may talk to other children
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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