FRHD 2270 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Predominantly Inattentive, Orienting Response, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 2270
Professor
Week Four Perceptual and Motor Development
Perception
- What develops in infancy and continues
o Taste, smell, touch, seeing/perceiving objects
- Other areas of understanding develop in middle childhood
Attention
How we select information
Pay attention when interested, not when uninterested
o E.g. boring lectures
Show orienting response
o For strong and unfamiliar stimulus
o Fix your eyes, startles you, heart rate
E.g. sound of a car back-firing
How we select information
Pay attention when interested, not when uninterested
o E.g. boring lectures
Show orienting response
o For strong and unfamiliar stimulus
o Fix your eyes, startles you, heart rate
E.g. sound of a car back-firing
Habituation
Become accustomed to a stimulus
Orienting response disappears after repeated presentations
Attention is selective
o E.g. Moving to a house by the highwayall you hear for the first bit is the noise of the traffic
but after you grow accustomed to it
Habituation is associated with intelligence
o The more you are able to ignore things at a quicker rate than another person (the more you
can focus on a specific thing) may have something to do with mechanics of brain
Development of Attention
1 year olds
o Easily distracted, less focused (everything is new and exciting)
3.5 year olds
o Less distracted, more concentration
8-10 year olds
o Huge improvements
E.g. Older children stay engaged longer watching TV habituating to everything in
the background and focusing on the program
Improving Attention
Draw attention to the relevant information and less attention to irrelevant
o Ex. Closing classroom doors to eliminate competing and workspaces
o Ex. Clear off unneeded objects from desks and workspaces
Problems with Attention
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
o Common childhood disorder
o Child shows both a significant problem in 2 areas
Focusing their attention
Physical hyperactivity
ADHD
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Document Summary

What develops in infancy and continues: taste, smell, touch, seeing/perceiving objects. Other areas of understanding develop in middle childhood. Pay attention when interested, not when uninterested: e. g. boring lectures. Show orienting response: for strong and unfamiliar stimulus, fix your eyes, startles you, heart rate. Moving to a house by the highway all you hear for the first bit is the noise of the traffic but after you grow accustomed to it. 1 year olds: easily distracted, less focused (everything is new and exciting) 3. 5 year olds: less distracted, more concentration. Older children stay engaged longer watching tv habituating to everything in the background and focusing on the program. Draw attention to the relevant information and less attention to irrelevant: ex. Closing classroom doors to eliminate competing and workspaces: ex. Clear off unneeded objects from desks and workspaces. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (adhd: common childhood disorder, child shows both a significant problem in 2 areas.

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