FRHD 2270 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Tabula Rasa, Anna Freud, Evolutionary Developmental Psychology

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Biological perspective: development based on biological plan, theories from this time all based on biological sciences, biological plan, patterns everyone naturally follows. Imprinting - mother vs person: moving object was not imprinted. Learning perspective: being taught, external - environment - nurture. John lock: blank slate, tabula rasa: theory of mind, identity and self. Infants born without ideas: knowledge only from experience, pavlov: classical conditioning (dog, bell, salivate, food, associative learning. Skinner - behaviourism, operant conditioning: consequences affect repeat behaviour, reinforcement, punishment. Cognitive developmental perspective: developmental = overtime, piaget: education is important. Natural selection: ongoing process in nature that results in survival of those organisms that are best adapted to their environments. Maturational theory: theory that views development as unfolding according to a specific and prearranged scheme in the body. Ethological theory: views development from an evolutionary perspective, such that human behaviours can be adaptive and have survival value.

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