FRHD 3070 Lecture Notes - Scientific Community

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Learning Via Alternatives to Social Research
Authority: experts, if an authority or expert says its true, then it must be. But there may be
self-proclaimed experts they think they can just write a book about anything even though
they do not have the qualifications.
Tradition: the idea that something is true because that is the way it has always been.
Common Sense: pure logic, or ordinary reasoning.
Examples of clichés:
1. Opposites Attract
- Vs birds of a feather flock together
2. Absence makes the heart grow fonder
- Vs. out of sight, out of mind
3. 2 heads are better than 1
- Vs. too many cooks in the kitchen spoil the broth
Media Myths: Seeing it in the media, makes it true
Personal Experience: if you have experienced it, then it is true
How Social Science Works
- Versus physical sciences: harder to contradict physical science compared to
social science because the technology is too powerful
- Contestability: the things we deal with are ordinary things that we can all relate
to
- Scientific community: either consumers of research or producers of it
Values in Social Research
- What are values? Your idea of what is good and what is bad
- Objectivity
- Rind et al. (1998) study
if you change the environment, you change the behavior*
Types of Reasoning
Induction (definition): an approach to inquiry in which one begins with concrete
empirical details and then works toward abstract ideas or general principles.
Deduction: to inquiry in which one begins with abstract ideas and principles and
then works toward concrete, empirical details to test the ideas.
o Specify hypothesis
o Observations
o Compare hypothesis and observations

Document Summary

Authority: experts, if an authority or expert says its true, then it must be. But there may be self-proclaimed experts they think they can just write a book about anything even though they do not have the qualifications. Tradition: the idea that something is true because that is the way it has always been. Vs birds of a feather flock together: absence makes the heart grow fonder. Vs. out of sight, out of mind: 2 heads are better than 1. Vs. too many cooks in the kitchen spoil the broth. Media myths: seeing it in the media, makes it true. Personal experience: if you have experienced it, then it is true. Versus physical sciences: harder to contradict physical science compared to social science because the technology is too powerful. Contestability: the things we deal with are ordinary things that we can all relate to. Scientific community: either consumers of research or producers of it.