FRHD 3150 Lecture Notes - Seat Belt, Token Economy, Electric Shock

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Define or describe behaviour modification (sample question: behaviour modification is commonly used to help people change behaviours. It is defined as the systematic application of learning principles and techniques to assess and improve people"s maladaptive (covert and overt) behaviours. The purpose of using behaviour modification is to enhance daily functioning: sometimes examples can be a good idea. Operant conditioning youtube clip: pigeon, peck the peck sign, turn when the turn sign is shown, given food when they do it right, pecking coloured disk was measured on a graph, deprived pigeon of food. Reinforcement and punishment: positive reinforcement stimuli = reward, negative reinforcement = removing aversive. Putting seat belt on so awful noise stops. Doesn"t work as well: positive punishment= aversive stimuli (adding something)--> want to decrease a behaviour. Spraying dog with squirt bottle, spanking, yelling or scolding: negative punishment= removing reward--> want to decrease behaviour. Taking tokens, timeout: look at target behaviour, examples.

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