FRHD 3150 Lecture Notes - Parenting Styles, Problem Solving, Reinforcement

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Page 1 of 3
February 28, 2013
FRHD 3150
Parenting programs
o Theory
o Why parenting programs?
o Empirically supported parenting programs
o Parenting and nutrition programs
o Social learning theory
After the theory of behaviourism had been developed
Humans act on the environment
Parents impact children but children also impact their parents
Bidirectional relationship
Behaviour is guided by bi-directional interactions
Negative reinforcement develops and maintains children's deviant behaviours and the
parents' and teachers' critical or coercive behaviours
Parents are taught how to manage misbehaviour through modeling appropriate
problem solving strategies (ie. If you punish them by spanking them, they will solve their
problems physically as well)
Youtube video "children see, children do"
o Self-efficacy theory
Also Bandura
Individuals develop beliefs about their ability to successfully complete certain tasks or
behaviours based on past experiences and feedback from others
These beliefs will affect choices
Engage in an activity
How much effort to expend in the activity
How perseverant he or she will be in the face of adversity in the activity
Signs that you're a good parent
Feedback from grandparents, teachers
Children seem happy
Seeing how other children behave compared to how your kids behave
Satisfaction in tasks
Previous performance
Parents who have successfully managed behavioural problems in their children
may feel more confidence in their ability to do so in the future
Why parenting programs
o Teach parents general parenting skills
Help them understand the ways parenting should go
Ie. Teen parents, lower levels of education, lower socioeconomic statuses
o Teach parents how to correct specific problems
Strengthen parent management skills
Increase prosocial behaviour in children
Through increasing nurturing behaviours in parents
Decrease antisocial behaviour in children
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