FRHD 3150 Lecture Notes - Stimulus Control, Reinforcement, Functional Analysis

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Page 1 of 3
March 14, 2013 (chapters 23 and 24)
FRHD 3150
Final exam
o Cumulative
o Only multiple choice
Chapters 23 and 24
Functional assessment
o Refers to a set of information gathering strategies to examine what precedes the target
behaviour, what follows it
o Attempt to identify patterns
o Questionnaire assessment
Ie. Functional assessment screen tool (FAST)
o Observational assessment
o Manipulate the person's environment and observe the effect on behaviour
Factors associated with problem behaviours: positive reinforcement
o Problem behaviours maintained by:
Social positive reinforcement
Self-stimulatory
Nonsocial external sensory positive reinforcement
Seen a lot with little children when they like to watch things flush down the toilet
Factors associated with problem behaviours: negative reinforcement (taking away aversive stimuli)
o Social negative reinforcement
o Self-stimulatory negative reinforcement
o Nonsocial negative reinforcement
Some origins of problem behaviours
o Medical conditions
o Genetics
o Intrapersonal
Problems from within
o Interpersonal
Family dynamics
Interactions with others
Initial questions:
o Will solving the problem benefit the client?
o Can the problem and goal be quantified as an objective behaviour?
o Are there other issues that necessitate referral to a specialist?
Assessment procedure
o Define the target behaviour and goal in precise behavioural terms
o Identify significant people in clients life
Can they assist with implementing the program?
Are there people who might hinder the program?
3. Determine the baseline
Monitor the behaviour
Identify current stimulus control (stimuli that either deter or increase the behaviour)
Identify consequences that may be maintaining the behaviour
4. If you are increasing a behaviour with reinforcement
What will be used as a reinforcer?
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Document Summary

Functional assessment: refers to a set of information gathering strategies to examine what precedes the target behaviour, what follows it, attempt to identify patterns, questionnaire assessment. Functional assessment screen tool (fast: observational assessment, manipulate the person"s environment and observe the effect on behaviour. Factors associated with problem behaviours: positive reinforcement: problem behaviours maintained by: Factors associated with problem behaviours: negative reinforcement (taking away aversive stimuli) Seen a lot with little children when they like to watch things flush down the toilet: social negative reinforcement, self-stimulatory negative reinforcement, nonsocial negative reinforcement. Some origins of problem behaviours: medical conditions, genetics. Assessment procedure: define the target behaviour and goal in precise behavioural terms. Are there people who might hinder the program: determine the baseline. Identify current stimulus control (stimuli that either deter or increase the behaviour) Identify consequences that may be maintaining the behaviour. If you are increasing a behaviour with reinforcement. If you"re developing a new behaviour, will you use:

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