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Lecture 10

GEOG 1200 Lecture 10: Cities

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GEOG 1200
Marinel Mandres

Urbanization -increase in the concentration of two things: people and economic activities within cities or urban areas - process of urban growth. Cities grow because of migration, cities can grow because of natural increase (people are born in cities) Urban Origins: - the city as we know it is a very recent form of social organization - cities have been around for about 10,000 years. - the worlds first permanent urban settlements took the form of small villages Mesopotamia: - well known historical cities — Babylon, Ur Nile Valley: - archaeological evidence - ancient egypt Indest Valley: - Harappan civilization - cities here were 2,500 BC Yellow River Valley: - located in china - developed in conjunction with the Shang - believed the have emerged 1,800 BC Maso America: - Aztec civilizations of Mexico Where the Cities Began? - most cities were located north of the equator - between 20 and 40 degrees longitude and latitude - mild and stable climate - in the tropics, because of the heat it was not possible to have food for a long time - some civilizations that existed for a long time in the heat, they got close to developing but never developed - Parts of Africa that were going to emerge, 1800 AD, Same with parts in Asia. They came very close but never made it Nuclear Urbanism Theory: - these places developed simultaneously Diffusion Urbanism Theory: - argues that cities emerged in one place (Mesopotamia) - then from that location, idea of cities spread in a logical and orderly sequence - formally defined as lifestyle - set of attitudes, behaviours, and values that are a result of living in an urban setting - product of living in cities Urbanism - Ancient cities that developed were all based on survival. Surplus food - could not have urban revolution without having agriculture revolution - most of the earliest cities have a religious function and then added administration and defence as a new function. Then to trade - In Greece, the first cities developed 2000 BC on the Island of crete - Urban area surrounded by Agriculture land - Ancient Greeks city states cant sustain more than 501 people - If there is more than 501 people then they shipped them off - Romans heavily borrowed ideas from the Greeks - One dominant city, Rome - Romans moved further inland - Western part of Roman Empire falls, and Western Europe enters the dark ages in the year 500-1000 AD - Rural: Character of Western Europe - Urbanization Flourished - Settlements in Western Europe that resumed their functions were Old Roman Settlements - Cities could have function as defensive stronghold - They could function as administr
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