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GEOG 2260 (32)
Lecture

Mar. 5-7.docx

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School
University of Guelph
Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 2260
Professor
Alexander Legwegoh
Semester
Winter

Description
Mar. 5 Secondary Data Primary vs. Secondary Data - Primary data o Collected yourself (ex: PO, surveys, interviews) - Secondary data o Collected from external sources (ex: census, government documents, media, internet, literature review) o Collected for different purpose but relevant to your research o Serves as main dataset, time or area-based data, comparison with own findings o Provides research insights (definitions, variables, methods) Examples of Secondary Data - Where to look for secondary data related to youth geography? o Literature review (Labs 1 and 2) o Existing statistical dataset (ex: Nesstar)  Publically available data through Statistics Canada  Downloadable spreadsheets (Excel, SPSS)  Good secondary data source because:  Historical snapshot, longitudinal surveys  Originals, age-specific for own analysis  Reliable data, methodology details o Published report (ex: Stats Canada)  Canadian Culture in Perspective: A Statistical Overview o Documentaries  The UP Series  Follows lives of 14 British children since 1964 (This year in May “56 Up”) o Exploring impacts of class upon lives  Good secondary data source because: o Longitudinal study (life-course) o Focus on specific group (boys/men) o Contextualization of youth & class o BUT reliable data? Bias? o News media  Ex: MacLean’s, The Economist, Factiva: News Database Types of Secondary Data - Government surveys o Ex: labour force survey, leisure activity survey - Commercial media accounts o Ex: newspapers, transcripts, maps, adverts - Actuarial Records o Ex: birth/death records, title deed records - Official documentary records o Ex: police reports, school records, receipts - Private records o Ex: memories, diaries, photos, oral history - Landscape o Ex: tombstones, architecture, billboards Advantages - Accessible o Quick and easy to obtain, public access - Available o Many sources, permanent, dynamics - Affordable - Critical data o May be only available, unobtrusive info - Complementary data o Enhances or confirms primary data - Reliable o High quality standards Disadvantages - Relevance o Based on other research so limited
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