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Lecture 3

GEOG 3050 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Floor Area Ratio

2 pages50 viewsWinter 2013

Course Code
GEOG 3050
Kate Parizeau

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Urban Transport Crisis in India Pucher
1. Overall Situation in Developing Countries
- Factors contributing to severity of 3rd world countries transport problems
o Popn growth and increasing urbanization = growth of large cities and jump in travel demand
o Supply of transport infra and services lagged behind demand
o Public sector finances limited transport funding inadequate
o Transport facilities used beyond their design capacity
o Pedestrian/cyclists facilities non-existent so share road w drivers
- Low per capita income, unequal distrib, govt serves needs of majority
- Most developing countries suffer from
o Unplanned devt at suburban fringe w/o adequate infra/transport
o Limited road networks, congested, poor traffic control
o Increased car ownership
o Poor roadway accommodations for non motorized transport
o High transport pollution
2. Urban Conditions in India
- Most important: popn growth, increasing urbanization, rising motorization, low per-capita income
- Rapid popn growth = rapid growth in travel demand, overwhelming limited transport infrastructure
- Increase in car ownership = more noise, pollution, traffic danger & for most ppl mobility has declined
- Poor disadvantaged: low incomes cant afford public transport so walk or bike
o High pollution, crowding, bad housing
- Middle class also struggle w inadequate housing and transport, good affordable housing unavailable
near center, live in far suburbs and long commutes
3. Trends in Lane Use
- Cities spread outward as grow, lack of effective planning & land-use controls = sprawled development in
all directions beyond city boundaries thereby increasing length and number of trips walking/biking not
feasible & made unsafe by vehicles
- Public policies encourage the sprawl to decongest cities limited ratio of floor areas to land areas for
buildings in the center and therefore restrict the heights of buildings & density of devt in the center
o “Floor Space Index” (FSI)
- Permit scattered commercial & residential development in outlying areas w/o the necessary infra
- Most new commercial devt is in distant suburbs, leap-frog development usually follows highways
4. Trends in Travel Behaviour
- Small cities walking/biking 2/3 of all trips, ½ in medium cities, 2002 private motorized transport 10-12%
- Rising incomes making vehicles more affordable
- Economic growth benefited middle & upper class the most
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