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GEOG 3490 Lecture Notes - Management System, Sustainable Tourism, Ecotourism

Course Code
GEOG 3490

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Chapter 9: The Future of Tourism
Chapter 9 considers future trends in tourism and society that are likely to influence the
future of tourism and the environments relationship
Decisions at a local level have a global impact
Tourisms relation with the environment can be harmful or beneficial
Growth of Green Consumerism
Growing trend to buy green products
Global warming will have a continuing impact on future production and consumption of
goods and services
Out break of green consumerism has forced companies to respond to environmental
concerns which impacts both the retail (what they sell) and supply (how they make it)
New companies emerge with environmental friendly products. Example: the Body Shop,
which has a commitment to the environmental and social excellence, and always has.
Ethical investment funds: funding those with ethical incentives, withholding money from
those who do not
Consequences when a companies ignores consumers environmental concerns. Example:
Shell’s attempt to bury an oilrig at the bottom of the North Sea- raised concerns, which
dropped their income by 30%
Environmental concern will play an increasing part in consumer behaviour in the future
There will be a growth in demand for organic products
International Standards Organization (ISO), have an available logo which is available to
those who implement environmental management systems
Green Globe: any travel/tourism company can apply as long as they want to be involved
in sustainable tourism development
Consumer Trends and Green Tourism
The Good Tourist: a book, which advises tourists on ways to act in a more
environmentally responsible way
Media can alter our perspective on our damage on the environment
Popular terms: environmentally friendly, sustainable tourism, ecotourism, responsible
tourism, and low impact tourism
Alternative tourism as opposed the mass tourism can introduce new types of holidays,
including the following:
1. Alternative tourism as a form of more environmentally aware tourism
2. Alternative tourism as a type of tourism that is different to mainstream tourism,
without being any less environmentally damaging
Alternative tourism characteristics different than mainstream tourism: Small scale
development with high rates of local ownership, minimized environmental damage,
profits retained locally, local power holding and involvement in decision making, pace of
development controlled by locals.
Ecotourism has a variety of dimensions and is hard to completely define. Most accepted
definition: Responsible to natural areas that concern the environment and improve the
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