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Chapter 9

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GEOG 3490

Chapter 9: The Future of Tourism Introduction Chapter 9 considers future trends in tourism and society that are likely to influence the future of tourism and the environments relationship Decisions at a local level have a global impact Tourisms relation with the environment can be harmful or beneficial Growth of Green Consumerism Growing trend to buy green products Global warming will have a continuing impact on future production and consumption of goods and services Out break of green consumerism has forced companies to respond to environmental concerns which impacts both the retail (what they sell) and supply (how they make it) New companies emerge with environmental friendly products. Example: the Body Shop, which has a commitment to the environmental and social excellence, and always has. Ethical investment funds: funding those with ethical incentives, withholding money from those who do not Consequences when a companies ignores consumers environmental concerns. Example: Shell’s attempt to bury an oilrig at the bottom of the North Sea- raised concerns, which dropped their income by 30% Environmental concern will play an increasing part in consumer behaviour in the future There will be a growth in demand for organic products International Standards Organization (ISO), have an available logo which is available to those who implement environmental management systems Green Globe: any travel/tourism company can apply as long as they want to be involved in sustainable tourism development Consumer Trends and Green Tourism The Good Tourist: a book, which advises tourists on ways to act in a more environmentally responsible way Media can alter our perspective on our damage on the environment Popular terms: environmentally friendly, sustainable tourism, ecotourism, responsible tourism, and low impact tourism Alternative tourism as opposed the mass tourism can introduce new types of holidays, including the following: 1. Alternative tourism as a form of more environmentally aware tourism 2. Alternative tourism as a type of tourism that is different to mainstream tourism, without being any less environmentally damaging Alternative tourism characteristics different than mainstream tourism: Small scale development with high rates of local ownership, minimized environmental damage, profits retained locally, local power holding and involvement in decision making, pace of development controlled by locals. Ecotourism has a variety of dimensions and is hard to completely define. Most accepted definition: Responsible to natural areas that concern the environment and improve the well being of local people. Ecotourism should meet the following criteria- be sustainable, give visitors a unique outstanding experience, maintain the quality of the environment Who are the ecotourists’? Ethical tourists, environmentally conscious tourist, good tourist, ecotourist: See and enjoy by do no destroy attitude Difficult to categorize the ‘ecotourist’, unsure of the behaviour that should be displayed Dives ecotourists into three categories: Big ‘E’, little ‘E’ and soft adventure types Most popular group is the little ‘E’ who are characterized by knowing about the impact of their hotel, airline, tour operator. Big ‘E’, travelers that are likely to travel to undiscovered areas and accept the local peoples accomidations Soft adventurer, will visit remote area’s but will do so comfortably, no sense of exploitation Types of Tourist based on their level of interest in the environment: Typology Level of Environmental Example of Activies Commitment Special ecotourist High, want to be involved Conservation, scientific with and protect n
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