GERM 1100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Nominative Case, Du Hast, Pronoun

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GERM 1100
Lecture 11: More Conjugations and Nominative Case
More Verb Conjugations
Pronoun haben (to have) geben (to give) essen (to eat) öffnen (to
open)
ich habegebeesseöffne
du hast gibst* isst* öffnest
er/sie/es hatgibt* isst* öffnet
wie haben geben essen öffnen
ihr habtgebtesstöffnet
sie (Sie haben geben essen öffnen
Sentence Structure (Satzsturktur)
The conjugated verb is always the second element in a statement, only the subject and
object can switch places
Example: Der Mann liest ein Buch. OR Ein Buch liest der Mann.
However, the subject must precede or come immediately after the verb
Nominative Case (Kasus: Nominativ)
There are four grammatical cases in German and the first one that needs to be learned is
the nominative case
The nominative case is used for the subject of the sentence
In German the nominative is often referred to as the “who-case” (der Werfall), because
you can use the question words “who” or “what” to find out what the subject of the
sentence is
The rule which is set out by the nominative case is: all nouns must have the
corresponding definite article and the verb must agree with the noun
Example: Die Frau learnt Englisch.
oIn this case the noun (Frau) is preceded by the proper definite article (die)
and the verb (learnt) agrees with the noun since it ends with a t
It is important to know that there is no plural for of a (ein) in German
As well, it is important to note that family is always 3rd person singular as the family is
regarded as one unit
Definite and indefinite articles
der = ein
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