HIST 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Francis Xavier, Purgatory, Counter-Reformation

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Sadoleto: leaves his post, leads effort to help poor, the protestant threat. Pre destination-some chosen to be saved and some were just damned. Militant international form of protestantism: anabaptism. Splitting off from lutheranism causes real threat , kings worry about the political impact. Extreme protestants like calvinists were to be feared because they challenged authority. National churches: england, sweden, denmark, scotland, the council of trent (1545-7;15551-2;1562-3, occurs with truce in valois-habsburg wars, aims to reform the catholic church "root and branch"-redefine what it really means to be catholic. When council trent met belief that the schism was temporary. Better to withstands a protestant threat: dominican orders. Go to preach and convert and work with poor: the society of jesus and conversion overseas. Mission society of jesus (jesuits) established 1540. 1530: to pe(cid:396)fo(cid:396)(cid:373) (cid:449)hatsoe(cid:448)e(cid:396) the (cid:396)eig(cid:374)i(cid:374)g po(cid:374)tiff should (cid:272)o(cid:373)(cid:373)a(cid:374)d the(cid:373), to go fo(cid:396)th a(cid:373)o(cid:374)g. Tu(cid:396)ks, heathe(cid:374)s o(cid:396) he(cid:396)eti(cid:272)s (cid:449)ithout (cid:395)uestio(cid:374), (cid:272)o(cid:374)ditio(cid:374) o(cid:396) (cid:396)e(cid:449)a(cid:396)d. Officially approved by the pope in 1540.

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