HIST 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: French Corsairs, Medieval Engineers, Casa Da Índia

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Poor household profits from sugar, commerce and piracy. 1455 granted special crusading rights by pope. Squires -> genoese pilots and merchants: prince henry , father extremely poor, instead of giving them large estates he gave his third son rights to over seas lands instead of estates. Produced woad, orchil, brazil wood: led to several voyages down the west african coast, cape bojador- many stuck, ship developments allows for sailing past here, after fall of constantinople to the turks, papacy becomes concerned. 14 th c- acid parting used separate metals: cid used to separate gold and silver. Medieval engineers develop drain engines: water wheels as draining engines. Metallurgy improved in 15th century: alchemists and gunsmiths, process of trying to make gold (alchemy) 1550: smelting replaced by amalgamation up in production: late medieval europe advances in mining, a lot of scientific exploration in this period before scientific revolution.

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