12:34 pm: the confesssionalization of europe and the witch craze. Idea that society has become steadily more tolerant. Charge where sorcery and magic came to be linked to the devil. A number of with hunting treks published around europe. Malleus maleficarum 1486- witches hammer-(book) one of the earliest that spreads around. Scientific revolution occurring in the age of religious warfare. Referred to as europe"s age of confessionalization (1560-1660) People learn what it means to be good (whatever their religion is) Practice of social discipline- strict religious obedience- severely punished if do not conform. Social discipline most notoriously enforced by the inquisition, else where enforced informally- such as prosecution of witches. Historians argue about the increase in witch trials- explanations in early mod attitudes towards gender others see as a judicial operation. Anglican church had not ritual protection against witches- church does(cid:374)"t sa(cid:374)ctio(cid:374) exorcis(cid:373) 17th century far cry from the age of reason- could be viewed as the age of superstition.