HIST 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Fronde, Counter-Reformation, Long Parliament

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Puritans-wanted a protestant reform, wanted to change the hierarchy of the church. Presbyterians-focus on changing on the hierarchy-wanted the church to be governed by councils. The parliament has the right to impose taxes. Any ruler needed to govern together with the parliament. Nobles and other groups were represented as well in the parliament. Sold their own land and the land of the church. Sustained them when they were at peace, could not afford war. Not a catholic, un-liked as for his religious policies. Did not believe in the calvinist idea of predestination. Forced to call the parliament to fund the war against scotland. Created tension between the king and the parliament. On the verge of a civil war. Creates a separate army (new model army) By 1647 he arrests king charles and holds him in custody. Oliver cromwell was elected their leader (lord protector) Creates new government, religious struggles and the republic is not maintained.

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