Class Notes (835,929)
Canada (509,507)
History (1,252)
HIST 1010 (160)
Lecture

Hist12 Economics, Society, and the Witch Craze.pdf

4 Pages
55 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIST 1010
Professor
Christine Ekholst
Semester
Fall

Description
Oct.  16,2012   Experiences  of  Life  in  Early  Modern  Europe   Social  and  Economic  History   Inequality   • Hierarchies  ordained  by  God,  profoundingly  unequal     o People  did  not  generally  questioned,  if  questioned,  repressed   Medieval  Order/Societies:   • Three  estates:  those  who  pray  (priests  and  monks  who  served  society  by   praying,  helping  our  salvation),  those  who  fight  (warrior  knights,  defending-­‐   did  not  pay  taxes),  those  who  work  (peasantry,  artisans,  servants-­‐  if  they   made  enough  money  paid  taxes  to  the  state-­‐  fees  to  lord,  fees  to  church,  and   taxes  to  the  king  all  at  the  same  time)   o Never  reflected  society,  more  diverse  than  this   • Urban  class,  in  between  rich  nobles  and  the  workers   Nobles   • Nobility  would  remain-­‐  go  through  important  changes,  lineage  important-­‐   landowners,  together  wit  the  church  and  the  crown-­‐  very  important   landowners   o Political  influence-­‐  political  representation  of  assemblies  in  countries   o Kings  council,  bureaus     o *Do  not  pay  taxes   • King  needed  tax  money,  wanted  to  limit  the  amount  of  noble     • Nobility  of  the  sword,  served  a  commanders  but  serving  the  realm  incredibly   difficult-­‐  nobles  to  a  large  extent  administrators   • Nobility  becoming  divided  into  groups-­‐  some  closer  to  the  king-­‐  state   servants,  nobility  of  the  robe   Urban  Groups   •  Cities  independent,  had  political  representation  in  society   • Fortified  cities-­‐>  king  would  call  upon  cities  for  aid  in  military  campaigns   • Citizens-­‐>  burghers   • Town  elites,  the  “fat  people”   o New  rich  people,  traders,  merchants-­‐  new  capitalist  mentality   o New  middle  class   • Society  viewed  as  smaller  groups   Body  Politic   • One  body,  head  of  the  body  was  the  king,  head  of  the  state   • Individualism  important   • Collection  of  groups  with  different  functions,  Advisors  eyes  and  ears,   Commanders  his  protectors,  soul  his  priests,  peasants  his  feet   Household   • Economic  unit,  husband  the  head  of  the  household,  wife  subordinate,   children  were  servants   • Women  subordinate  to  same  class  as  husband,  ranked  society   • Vagrants,  women  who  lived  without  father  or  husband-­‐  people  assumed   something  was  wrong-­‐  criminals,  prostitute     • Men  were  masters  and  apprentices  in  town,  belonging  to  the  public  sphere   • Women  kept  the  work  going  from  day  to  day   • Rural  areas,  women  in  charge  of  animals,  children  and  food  etc.     • Cities,  families  usually  had  servants-­‐  large  part  of  urban  population   • Women’s  roles  not  seen  as  public   o Men  re-­‐married  very  quickly  if  wife  died-­‐  shows  household  wouldn’t   function  if  she  wasn’t  there   o Easier  for  women-­‐  depending  on  their  station   o Had  the  right  to  continue  husband  profession   o Widows  sought  after   Economic  Changes   th • 16  century-­‐  profound  economic  changes   • Marked  by  huge  increase  of  population   • 1600-­‐>  105  million  people,  in  France  and  England,  population  doubled   (London  was  four  times  the  size  it  had  been  one  hundred  years  ago)   • Population  increasers=  demand  for  food  increases  as  well   o The  prices  of  grain  increased  since  there  was  a  high  demand  for  it   Inflation   • Value  of  money  decreased-­‐  government  response  to  these  rising  prices-­‐   >devalued  coins   • Merchants  required  more  money,  metals  of  the  new  world-­‐  devalued  the   coins   • Spain-­‐  gold  and  silver  abundant-­‐  coins  worthless  since  there  was  so  much  of   them   • Not  enough  land  for  everyone,  lots  of  people  moved  into  cities,  salaries  and   labor  went  down  while  prices  went  up   • Created  a  situation  when  the  poor  became  even  poorer-­‐
More Less

Related notes for HIST 1010

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit