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Hist16 The Slave Trade and Research Paper.pdf

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HIST 1010
Christine Ekholst

Nov. 6,2012 Early Modern World The Slave Trade and Brief Talk about Research Paper Research Paper • Teach you how to research, how to write papers • Focus not upon topic, but learning how to do it • Introduction to annotated bibliography: 1) Explain what topic is about: freedom, need to explain what you’re doing *Looking for an effort- don’t except to succeed perfectly- expect to try 2)Summary explaining why chose sources you chose, “have have sources explaining the military social perspective”, abstract- overview • Essential to have sources that give a different interpretations o Section 3: argue your opinion- can all argue that all the views are necessary in order to understand o Wikipedia: advice is to use to-double checking information  Good examples of historiography: St Bartholomew’s Day massacre- discussion of Catherine de Medici’s role • Critical evaluation of sources- most important The Slave Trade • Differences and similarities of past societies o Help explain events • Reveal tensions within American society Professor Henry Louis Gates • Prominent American scholar • Trying to get back into house o Neighbor: “two black men with backpacks are trying to break into a house” • Incident ended with Gates getting arrested, then released later when charges dropped • Caused a media stir- racial profiling- situation for African American issues in the United States o Still within massive consequences o Society is built upon the cruel instatement of African American individuals • Wrote NYTimes editorial o Intended to remind readers that black Africans played in the slave trade  Downplayed the roles of Europeans? • Not his intentions • How did we get to this point? Slavery • A person is the chattel property of another person and can be subjected to sale and other transfers • The labour of the slave is obtained through coercion • “Beyond the limits of family relations” • To separate it from the subordination of women and children • Slavery has existed throughout history o Ancient times and medieval period  Middle ages: replaced by serfdom- tied to the land, cannot move  Had property rights in Eastern Europe Black Death and during the Renaissance • Serfdom declining in the middle ages due to the black death o Serfdom ended, but slavery had a revival during the Renaissance • To enslave other people in Europe- war • Slaves came from other areas- African, many came from the Black Sea region o Household slavery, performed as servants o In the middle ages- worked the land, household the primary economic unit • Changes when the Industrial Revolution takes place o Work elsewhere- separation between production and consumption • Discoveries of the New World and expanding trade o New era in slavery • Differences: o 1. The scale of it, number of people involved o 2. Slave economies • Europeans, mass markets for slave produced sugar, tobacco, coffee, chocolate, rice, etc. o First instance- 1444- 235 captured Africans sold in S. Portico o Island of Madeira- model other countries would take • Portuguese governments in Brazil, Spanish- Central and South America, British parts of N. America o More slaves imported to Brazil o 5-6% trathported to the US o mid 18 century- exports from W. Indies 10x more than America • Rule, Britannia! o Refers to British overseas empires- written during the war of Jenkins ear  Britain’s dominance o Revealing: Britain’s never never never will be slaves
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